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HISTORY 
Of 

MANSFIELD BOROUGH 
1857 - 1957 

By 
George A. Retan, Ph. D. 




Pictures Collected By- 
Chester P. Bailey 



Published By 
THE COUNCIL OF MANSFIELD BOROUGH 

1956 



Copyright 

MANSFIELD ADVERTISER 

Mansfield, Pennsylvania 

1957 



Table Of Contents 



Chapter Page 

Original Warrant Map 1 

1857 Borough Map 2 

I Introduction 3 

II The First Quarter Century 7 

III 1883 - 1892 11 

IV 1893 - 1902 15 
V 1903 - 1912 19 

VI 1913 - 1929 21 

VII 1930 - 1940 23 

VIII 1941 - 1957 25 

IX The Government 29 

X Old Homes 33 

XI Institutions and Businesses 35 

XII The Automobile 45 

XIII Some Organizations 47 
With Pictures Throughout. 



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Copy Original Warrant Mop 
Monsfieid and Surroundings 



Warrant 

4704 
1096 Acrc3 



Warrant 

S8 30 
550 Acres 



Warrant 

4-4$ 
7 14 Acres 



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Sold 
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TO 

Michael M. O'Br/oiY 
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Dec /O, /793 



M«p by M. L. Clark 

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Courtesy of Bvdd Clark 




I. Introduction 




HE history of the first settlements 
in what is now Mansfield has 
been detailed in several other his- 
tories. Since no other sources for 
this period are available, it has been 
deemed advisable not to repeat this mater- 
ial in this history. The sources of the first 
fourteen years of this history have been the 
minutes of the Borough Council which are 
complete for the full one hundred years. 
Beginning with 1873, a date which is in- 
correctly given as 1874 in some histories, 
the files of the Mansfield Advertiser are 
complete except from 1911 to 1929. The 
files are again complete from 1930 to date. 
The files of all the early years bear the 
name of O. Newell and we owe him a great 
debt for saving these papers and present- 
ing them to the Library. 

A contributor to the paper in 1887 relates 
that in 1831 there were, in Mansfield, four- 
teen dwelling kouses, a hotel, a school, a 
saw mill, a wool carding mill, a tannery, a 
shoemaker, a blacksmith shop, a wagon re- 
pair shop and two stores, one near the four 
corners, and one on South Main Street near 
First Street. There were large pine stumps 
on each side of Main and Sullivan Streets. 

One copy of "The Balance," a paper pub- 
lished in Mansfield in 1855, is owned by 
Mrs. Margaret Knapp. This was an organ 
of the "Good Templars" with I. M. Ruch- 
man as editor. His wife was prominent in 
the national organization and her contribu- 
tions are about all that is in the paper. 
There were no locals, but the following 
people advertised in the paper: H. G. Mar- 
tin, Drugs; Wm. Hollands. Harness Maker; 
J. S. Hoard, Brick Yard; Amos Bixby, Plas- 
ter, Paint and Lime. The personal cards 
were: Henry Allen, Lawyer; C. V. Elliott, 
Doctor; O. H. Phelps, Travellers' Home, a 
temperance house. 

In 1856, a year before the formation of 
the Borough, a late contributor to the Ad- 
vertiser mentions the following: 

Three general stores; G. M. Bailey, L. C. 
Holden, A. J. Ross; Drugs, Henry G. Mar- 
tin; Harness Shop, Wm. Hollands; Tailor, 
A. J. Howell; Wagon Maker and Undertak- 
er, R. P. Buttles; Bibles and Testaments, 
J. S. Hoard; Hotels, O. H. Phelps and the 
Fuller House; Grist Mill, C. W. Bailey; 



Blacksmith, Aaron Baldwin; Wagons, 
Charles Hammond. The Doctors were J. P. 
Morris, C. V. Elliott and Wm. M. Barden. 
The Lawyers were Henry Allen and Wm. 
Adams. J. P. Morris also had an Iron 
Works. There were two churches, Baptist, 
in its present location but a wooden build- 
ing, and the Methodist in the building now 
occupied by the Adventist Church. In 1855- 
there had been a paper, THE BALANCE, 
and later for a short period, THE MANS- 
FIELD EXPRESS. 

A map, apparently copied from the first 
official map of the Borough, which had 
been made in 1857, has been found by 
Budd Clark. It seems to have been made 
by M. L. Clark. It shows the Railroad Sta- 
tion on the north side of West Elmira St. 
On the west side of N. Main Street from 
the corner were: H. Klas, Nesbit, C. V. 
Elliott, alley, Buttles, shop, A. Baldwin, 
H. Allen. On the east side were only Vor- 
hees and Ross. Between Elmira Street and 
Corey Creek were Barden, M. L. Clark, J. 
B. Clark, H. Shuart, C. V. Elliott, B. M. 
Bailey, Wm. Ingalls and R. Davis. On El- 
mira Street were H. Lawrence, D. C. Spurs, 
Lamb, Slingerland. L. Beach was where- 
the Arts Building now is. On S. Main Street, 
east side, were Hoard, Hollands and P. 
Williams. Mart King was south of Corey 
Creek on the west side. L. Holden was on 
W. Wellsboro Street. L. Cummings was on 
East Wellsboro Street. 

On November 28, 1856, fifty-seven citizens 
petitioned the Court to set up Mansfield as 
a Borough. On Feb. 13, 1857, the Grand 
Jury of the County certified that the con- 
ditions demanded by the laws of the State 
had been met and March 27th was set as 
the date of the first election of Borough 
Officers. The Grand Jury appointed A. J. 
Ross, Judge of Elections and L. Beach and 
S. B. Elliott as Inspectors of Election and 
J. S. Hoard, Clerk. The election was held 
at the home of O. H. Phelps. The following 
officers were elected: Burgess, Henry Al- 
len; Councilmen, Peter Gaylord, L. H. Elli- 
ott, J. M. Casselle, H. Davis and Marcus 
Kelly. 

From the map of M. L. Clark, and from 
the official map of 1875 which is still in 
existence, and from the specified lines in 
the Charter of Incorporation, the bounda- 



ries of the original Borough can be rough- 
ly determined. The southern line was a 
little north of what is now First Street. 
The northern boundary was a little north 
of what is now Prospect Cemetery. The 
■western boundary was the Tioga River to 
near the mouth of Corey Creek, then east 
to the railroad and along the railroad to 
the north line. The eastern boundary was 
approximately as at present. 

The land comprised within the Borough 
■was originally held by three estates: Asa 
Mann, who purchased from John and Peter 
Kelts; the J. P. Morris Estate, which pur- 
chased the residue of the Mann lands sold 
at Sheriff's sale; The Holden Estate. The 
■original Mann lands are. roughly the busi- 



ness section; the .1. 1'. Morris lands those 
west of the Railroad and sumo lots in town; 
and the Holden lands were those east and 
south of the Mann Tract 

The streets mentioned in the minutes of 
the early meetings were: The Williamson 
Road; Sullivan Street, east of the corners; 
Wellsboro Street, west of the square; El- 
mira Street and road; Church Street, now 
Sherwood; and Seminary Street, now Acad- 
emy. The present College Avenue is shown 
on the map, but not named. 

Much of the Borough, more than has ever 
been settled, was at once laid out in lots. 
Some of these old lot maps, probably copies 
of the original, are in the possession of the 
Council. 




HOTEL ALLEN, around 1900 




N. MAIN ST., Looking North From Wellsboro St., About 1907; 
Barber Pole Was Reuben Dann's 




N. MAIN ST., Looking South From Central St, About 1907 




N. MAIN ST., 1866. C. V. Elliott's Drug Store, first brick store in County 




WAGON SHOP on E. MAIN ST.; May have been that of 
U. S. Snover, 1876 



II. The First Quarter Century 
1857 - 1882 



1. The First Fifteen Years 




HIS arbitrary division of the first 

twenty-five years has been ny*.e 

because, as was mentioned, ihe 

files of the Mansfield Advertiser 

begin in 1873. 

The first important event, coming almost 
as soon as the Borough was organized, was 
the burning of the Mansfield Classical Sem- 
inary in April. This building had been com- 
pleted only in time for the current year 
and was still unpaid for. Nevertheless, 
plans were at once made for its rebuilding 
and considerable sums of money were rais- 
ed and pledged. 

The first task confronting the new Coun- 
cil was to raise money for Borough and 
highway expenses. A levy was made of 
1-2 cent on the dollar for Borough expenses 
and lc for highways. The Borough levy 
raised $54.22. The first ordinance was one 
prohibiting horses, cattle, sheep, hogs and 
geese from running loose in the streets. In 
time a "Pound" was set up and a "Pound 
Master" appointed. In the "Pound" were 
placed all such animals held for their own- 
ers who could get them on payment of a 
set fee. Milch cows were exempted from 
the provisions of this ordinance from sun- 
rise to nine P. M., April 1st to December 
1st. 

In working out Borough Taxes a man re- 
ceived one dollar for ten hours work, a man 
and team $2.50, a yoke of oxen 75c. An 
ordinance in 1862 prohibited the piling of 
waste in the streets, hitching horses or 
cattle to shade trees, shooting fire crackers 
or guns, horse racing, and driving or lead- 
ing horses or cattle on the sidewalks. Peo- 
ple in those days were no better than in 
the present as in 1860 Phelps and Lilly 
were prosecuted for running a gambling 
house. 

Many of the early ordinances and mo- 
tions passed had to do with ordering side- 
walks built or kept in repair. Frequently 
the Borough had to do this and then collect 
from the property owners. It was not until 
1860 that any crosswalks were built by the 
Borough. 



The Civil War brought financial troubles. 
The Borough was authorized by state law 
to pay a bounty to recruits. This was usu- 
ally $100.00, but in 1864 five -ecruits re- 
ceived $300.00 each. At first the money was 
advanced by citizens who were given script 
to be redeemed later. Special tax levies 
were made; seven cents on the dollar in 
1864; six cents in 1865 and 1866, and 
$1500.00 in bonds were issued in 1865. The 
seven cent levy raised over $1500.00. 

Evidence that there was much building: 
going on is found in the establishment of 
new streets. Cherry Street, now Center 
Street was opened. The name was later 
changed after the building of the Grand 
Central Hotel. Railroad Street, including 
what is now East Main, was opened; the 
present Extension Street was ordered open- 
ed by the County Court and a bridge across 
Corey Creek on this street was paid for 
partly by the Borough and partly by public 
subscription in 1870; a street called Pros- 
pect Street, the present St. James Street,, 
was authorized. In 1S68 E. P. Deane was 
hired to lay out and establish the streets 
and corners. This map does not seem to- 
be in existence, but the map of 1875 prob- 
ably followed the Deane map, as did the 
various lot maps used in selling lots. In 
1872 the new Methodist Church was built. 
In 1870 the St. James Church was built on 
a large lot donated by Dr. Morris. In a later 
chapter are listed some of the houses built 
at this time. In 1869 Mart King started his. 
Furniture Factory. 

In 1872 a small-pox scare led the Council 
to order all unvaccinated persons in the 
Borough to be vaccinated and fixed the 
charge at 20c per person. A pest house 
was also provided in case of need — fortu- 
nately unneeded. 

An examination of the minutes discloses 
that at each election there was an almost 
complete turnover in all Borough offices. 
Election was held annually in January until 
1869. In 1869 and 1870 it was in October. 
In 1872 it was in January and in 1873 in 
February. Mart King was perhaps the most 
persistent office holder in this period. He 



was apt to be Secretary to the Council if 
he was not Burgess. As Burgess he some- 
times doubled as Secretary. Henry Allen 
was one of the most persistent in present- 
ing hills for services rendered, sometimes 
a year or more late. Although the meet- 
ings of the Council were held in homes or 
offices, the Council at one time bought a 
lamp, and at another time a set of chairs 
for their use. Almost half the meetings 
were adjourned for lack of a quorum. The 
minutes do not give any clue to the fre- 
quent changes; it would be interesting to 
know what local issues were at stake. 



2. The Next Decade 

1873-1882 

In 1873 the Mansfield Advertiser was 
started by O. D. Goodenough, who had for- 
merly had a paper in Towanda. There had 
been papers here earlier, as previously men- 
tioned, but the Advertiser has continued 
with hut short interruptions to the present. 
During this period the Editors were H. D. 
Farnham, 1874; Pratt and Goodenough, 
1875; Goodenough and Lewis, 1878; W. A. 
Rowland for F. A. Allen and later for him- 
self. 

This period was one of rapid growth for 
the Borough in spite of the effects of the 
panic of 1873, which are frequently referred 
to. The Greenhouses which Mrs. S. B. Elli- 
ott had started were taken over and twice 
enlarged by Robert Crossley. In 1873 Pitts 
Bros, built the block at the S. W. corner 
of Main and Wellsboro Streets. The Sold- 
iers Orphan School, which had been started 
in 1867, was enlarged by a new building on 
Wellsboro Street in 1873. The south end 
of what is now the girls dormitory at the 
College was built in 1874 at a cost of 
$85,000.00. In all, 23 buildings were erected 
in 1873. In 1874 T. H. Bailey built nine 
houses on Brooklyn Street. In 1875 the 
Presbyterian Church was built at a cost of 
$1,350.00. The population in 1875 was 1,049 
citizens and 349 students. In 1878 the Allen 
Block, corner Main and E. Wellsboro Street 
-was built. In 1880 the contract was let for 
the new brick high school and Allen's Com- 
mercial School building at No. 14 N. Main 
Street. In 1882 the present Depot was built. 
Also in 1882 a fire wiped out the wooden 
stores from Center Street south for some 
distance. As a result the Council estab- 
lished a zone between Sherwood Street and 
Railroad Street (E. Main) of 200 feet on 



each side of the street within which only 
brick structures could be built. The burned 
section was rebuilt with brick stores in 
1884-85. 

This expansion created many problems 
for the Council. Naturally the tax levy had 
to be increased to 10 mills, five each for 
Borough and highway. There was a con- 
stant demand for more sidewalks and cross- 
walks. In 1877 it was decided to erect street 
lamps and to hire a man at 40c a night to 
keep them lighted and in repair. As soon 
as some were authorized more were de- 
manded by the citizens. Evidently a few, 
as one in front of the Baptist Church, had 
been maintained privately. In 1877, there 
were 22 in operation. In 1880 a bill for 
$1.98 was presented to the Council for 13% 
gallons of oil, soap, lampwicks, and three 
boxes of matches. The next demand was 
for a night watchman. In 1875 one was 
authorized at 70c a night for the hours be- 
tween ten P. M. and five A. M. This service 
was irregular for years as the Council 
would drop it, and then after a time re- 
store it. 

Another demand was for fire protection. 
Twice fire inspectors were appointed to 
examine all the chimneys in town and con- 
demn those deemed dangerous. In 1876 
buckets and ropes were bought and a cis- 
tern dug near the four corners, probably 
in front of the present diner. In 1880 a 
Hook and Ladder truck was bought and a 
Hose Company was organized with F. W. 
Clark as President. These early Hose com- 
panies emphasized the social side and had 
annual parties which were the events of 
the year. 

The growth of the Borough was not only 
in homes and business places, but also in a 
considerable annexation of territory. In 
1873 an ordinance was passed enlarging the 
Borough to a size larger than at present, 
especially on the northwest. Evidently this 
was done without proper legal advice as 
in 1874 an attempt was made to have the 
State Legislature legalize it. This attempt 
failed and finally, in 1875, the proper legal 
conditions were fulfilled and on September 
first the County Court approved the expan- 
sion with the exception that the proposed 
boundaries were cut down west of the river 
and north of the present limits. 

The land on the south was soon cut up 
into building lots. James W. Morris mad* 
the official map of the Borough. Kirst, S.-. - 
ond and Third Streets were opemM and 



St. James and Academy were extended to 
Third Street. Brooklyn Street (Smokey 
Row) was opened. The present Prospect 
Street was so named when the citizens pre- 
sented a petition objecting to the name Pov- 
erty Hill by which it was then called. The 
present Railroad Street was opened and an 
Alley, now Hoard Street, was authorized 
from Sullivan Street to Seminary Avenue 
(1882, Normal Ave., now College Ave.). 
Normal Street then is now Clinton Street. 
Elm Street and Lincoln Avenue (7th and 
8th Sts.) were opened on the J. H. Putnam 
lands at the south end of the Borough, 
known at different times as Englishtown 
and Paisley. 

Much of the attention of the Council was 
spent on keeping roads, bridges and side- 
walks in repair. In 1878 the first stone 
crosswalk from the Bank to the Pitts Block 
was built. In 1879 there is mention of a 
street sprinkler. In working out the road 
tax, a common practice at that time, a man 
received $1.25 a day and a man and team 
$4.00. The first sewer was laid in 1880 from 
the Soldiers Orphan School to near the 
Depot and then across the lands of Cross- 
ley and J. P. Morris to the river. Robert 
Crossley built part of this of six-inch tile 
and it was paid for partly by the parties 
served. The claim was made that in 1877 
Mansfield had the longest continuous 
stretch of sidewalk (Main St.) in Tioga 
County. Curbing and gutters of cobble 
stone laid three feet wide were built on 
Main Street in 1882 between Elmira Street 
and the point where East Main Street be- 
gins. 

Dogs and drunks were a nuisance. In 
1873 the vote was 244 to 13 in opposition to 
a license to sell alcoholic drinks. In 1875 
dogs had to be licensed at $1.00 each; 34 
licenses were sold. An ordinance was pass- 
ed against drunk and disorderly conduct, 
carrying a fine of from one to ten dollars 
and costs and confinement in the lock-up 
up to forty-eight hours. A temperance or- 
ganization, the Independent Order of Good 
Templars was very active during much of 
the decade. In 1879 the Independent Order 
of Patrons of Temperance was started. The 
paper has much comment on the visits of 
eitizens to Tioga and Blossburg with des- 
criptions of conduct and often with the 
names of those involved. There was also a 
good deal of complaint of the Fourth of 
July celebrations and Fair Week. 

Organizations of one type or another 
were very popular. In addition to the Tem- 



perance orders mentioned, and the Masons 
from 1850, the G.A.R. was organized in 1875. 
The Knights of Honor, an assessment and 
benefit order was started in 1877. Literary 
societies were formed, a public reading 
room was maintained for several years, a 
dramatic club put on plays to raise money 
for various purposes, the Normal Atheneum 
and the Normal Literary Clubs gave public 
programs, or maintained lecture courses. 
For short periods there was a musical Acad- 
emy taught by D. J. Jewett, a German and 
fencing school by Oscar Reishling, and a 
private school by Mrs. M. J. Grey. 

One of the most important events was 
the organization of the Fair Association. 
For some years Dr. Smythe's "Island" had 
been used for picnics and reunions. It was 
called an island because part of the river 
ran on the east side of what is now the 
park and the entrance was on the north 
side. In 1877 a track for racing was built 
and later in the year, June 27th, the Asso- 
ciation was formed with Philip Williams 
as President. By 1879, money had been 
raised, the "island" was acquired and an 
effort was made to get the County Agricul- 
tural Association, which held exhibitions 
at Wellsboro, to join. This was naturally 
unsuccessful. A building to hold exhibits, 
a dining hall, 400 stalls for stock, and a 
railroad switch were built. The first Fair, 
October 1, 2, 3, was a great success. Sixteen 
carloads of stock came from New York 
State. Five thousand people attended on 
October 2nd. Meals cost 25c. Premiums ran 
from 50c to $5.00. During 1880 the women 
of Mansfield raised $520.00 toward the 
$1,150.00 needed for the Women's Pavilion. 
That year the receipts were $2,500.00. In 
1881 nine thousand tickets were sold on 
October 12th. Thursday was formerly the 
big day, Friday the last day. The railroad 
ran excursions from all parts of the County 
and from Corning and Elmira. 

During this period there were very severe 
epidemics of Scarlet Fever and Diptheria, 
not only in Mansfield, but all through the 
County. Frequently two or three children 
in the same family died within a few days. 
The Doctors seemed to be helpless to stop 
the spread of the diseases. 

There were, in the ten years, many 
changes in the ownership of businesses. 
The Tannery, Iron Works, Grist Mill, and 
Mart King's Furniture Factory were im- 
portant industries. The Doane Sash and 
Blind Factory had started. Men in business 
for most of the period, or .all, were: O. V. 
Elliott, shoes, at 54 N. Main Street; Wm. 



9 



Hollands, leather goods; Ross and Wil- 
liams Bank; F. M. Spencer, Photograph 
Gallery; Pitts Bros., general store; R. E. 
Olney, jeweler; J. S. Murdaugh, dry goods; 
N. Kingsley, shoes; Allen Peterson, barber; 
C. V. Elliott, drugs; L. A. Ridgway, drugs; 
A. J. Cole, drugs; L. Cummings, restaur- 
ant; D. A. Gaylord, blacksmith; R. P. But- 
tles, wagon shop; T. F. Rolason, groceries 
first and then undertaking and furniture; 
J. F. Howe, coal. 



There were now five churches in town, 
the Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, Epis- 
copal and the Universalist congregation 
which had bought the old Methodist Church. 

There were seven doctors: C. V. Elliott, 
C. W. Brown, Wm. M. Barden, J. P. Morris, 
A. J. Cole, H. G. Smythe, Benj. Moody in 
1877. Dr. O. Newell was a Dentist 

Henry Allen, J. W. Adams and F. W. 
Clark were lawyers. 



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NORMAL AVENUE, 1900 




GASOLINE DRIVEN PASSENGER and MAIL TRAIN 
"THE DOODLEBUG", 1935 



10 



III. 1883 to 1892 




URING this period the Advertiser 
was published by W. A. Rowlands 
until May, 1885, when Frank E. 
VanKeuren bought it. Shortly 
afterwards, S. E. Coles was associated with 
Mr. VanKeuren, and this partnership lasted 
for many years. 

This decade was notable for much build- 
ing, both in the residence and business sec- 
tions of the town. The Advertiser of Sept. 
17, 1884 remarks that Mansfield industries 
furnish the brick, the ironwork, the cas- 
ings for the windows as well as the lumber 
for all the building. The brick buildings 
at the corner of Center Street and Main 
Street, formerly four stores, were finished 
in 1884. Also in this year there was an ad- 
dition to the Soldiers Orphan School, now 
28 W. Wellsboro Street. Alumni Hall at 
the Normal School, O. Elliott's Shoe Store, 
54 N. Main Street, the Episcopal Chapel 
and sixteen new houses were built the 
same year. In 1885, the Kingsley Shoe 
Store, 21 N. Main Street and a new bridge 
over the river were finished. In 1886, the 
Kohler Hardware, 15 W. Wellsboro Street; 
In 1888 the Baptist Church, the Normal 
Gym, the Opera House and the old Bor- 
ough Building were either started or fin- 
ished. In 1889 South Hall at the Normal 
was enlarged and an addition built to the 
Adams Block, 24-30 N. Main Street. 

This was the period in which agitation 
finally brought about the beginnings of fire 
protection, water supply and sewage dis- 
posal. A second Hose Company, the Nep- 
tune, was formed and the Council bought 
another engine and 300 feet of hose. Two 
cisterns on Main Street were connected up 
in such a way that the hose companies 
could use the water. More buckets were 
bought and with the completion of the Bor- 
ough Building suitable space was available 
for the engines and hose, and an alarm 
bell was installed. Several studies were 
made of possible sources of water supply 
by engineers and councilmen. By the end 
of 1892 final action was almost at hand. A 
community owned system was believed out 
of the question because the assessed value 
of the Borough would not permit a bond 
issue of $45,000.00. A sewer was built, 1891, 
on Academy Street from in front of the 
Boys Building to Sullivan Street, down that 
street to Main Street, north on Main to 
Elmira Street, and then west to the river. 



The Normal School trustees contributed 
$2,000.00 as its share and the remainder of 
the cost was paid by the Borough. In 1892 
an addition was built on St. James Street 
from a point 125 feet south of Normal Ave- 
nue to Sullivan. Trouble on First Street 
and on Extension Street was met by partial 
sewers and open ditches. 

The agitation for a water system was 
helped by the bad fires of the period. In 
1884 several stores on S. Main Street south 
of the Pitts Block burned and the Mart 
King Furniture Factory was totally des- 
troyed. In 1885 stores on Wellsboro Street 
west of the Pitts Block burned. In 1889 the 
Grand Central Hotel burned and several 
guests had narrow escapes from death. This 
hotel, one of the best in the county, was 
never rebuilt. 

1889 was the year of the celebrated flood, 
which did much damage in Mansfield. The 
Park was a lake and many houses in the 
southern part of town had water in the 
first floor. The new Iron Bridge over the 
river was washed out, but not the Corey 
Creek bridge. There were other floods in 
1889 and 1890 which took out the tempor- 
ary bridge over the river and the new abut- 
ments and again flooded the park. In 1891 
a new bridge over Corey Creek at Main 
Street was built. 

Some new streets were opened: Clinton 
Street, Academy from Elmira to Prospect, 
and Elm and Clark Streets which have been 
replaced by numbered streets. Doublin 
Street is now a part of Brooklyn Street; 
Wilson Avenue was named for James Wil- 
son, who once owned considerable land in 
town. The Hollow Road, now No. 6, ran 
south from the river bridge to Ellen Run 
and then west along the run. Sassafras 
Alley was extended from Center Street to 
Wellsboro Street. 

Mention was made of the new buildings 
at the Normal. In addition to these, the 
Alumni Hall bell was bought and placed in 
the Tower in 1886 at a cost of $700.00. Dr. 
Thomas was principal until 1892 when Dr. 
Albro was hired. It has not been previous- 
ly noted by any historian that the old Gym 
was built partly with State Aid obtained 
because of the demands of the "Normal 
Guards." This organization was trained by 
Prof. Longstreet. It had muskets and uni- 



11 



forms, a sort of unofficial R.O.T.C., and the 
Gym was considered by the State as an 
Armory and one end was fitted up for the 
guards. 

Street lighting was a problem. Kerosene, 
Gasoline and Vapor lights were tried. From 
80c to $1.00 a night was paid for care and 
lighting. With the expansion of building 
more lights were demanded by the citizens. 

The Opera House was built east of the 
Borough Building and at the same time, 
with one wall in common, by the Hook and 
Ladder Company No. 1. This company for- 
merly had social rooms over Kingsley's 
Store. It was very active socially and had 
an annual winter dinner and ball, to which 
many out of town guests came. Dinner was 
served at the Grand Central Hotel. When 
finished, the Opera House was used for 
dances, roller skating, home talent plays, 
and travelling play companies. In the front 
were small stores or offices. A fair held 
shortly after its completion, raised a con- 
siderable sum for the company. 

For many years the main concern of the 
Council was for taxes and sidewalks. In 
1884 the Court allowed a special levy of 
five mills to pay the debts ot the Borough. 
Again in 1888, five mills was levied to pay 
off the bonds issued for building the Bor- 
ough Building. Many ordinances were 
passed ordering sidewalks to be built and 
the Constable was frequently authorized 
to notify residents that if their walks were 
not repaired the Borough would do it and 
charge the expanse to the property owner. 
Ordinances were again passed about a 
Pound for stray animals, hitching to a 
lamp post, riding bicycles on sidewalks, 
dumping refuse in the streets, drunkenness, 
firecrackers and playing ball in the street. 
In the new Borough Building there were 
placed iron cages for the confinement of 
any persons arrested in the Borough. At 
that time they were the best in the county 
and were used until 1956 when they were 
remove* to the new Borough Building. 

During this decade a cigar factory was 
started at the corner of Elmira and N. Main 
Streets, but was soon moved to S. Main 
Street. This was a flourishing business for 
many years. In 1886 it was stated that 
three million cigars were so d and about 
$700.00 a week was paid out in wages. In 
1892 a glove factory was bought and moved 
here; the Paisley Shawl factory was locat- 



ed in newly erected buildings at English- 
town (8th Street). The Novelty Works at 
Monroeton were purchased. These indus- 
tries were secured by a newly organized 
Board of Trade which raised considerable 
capital from local residents. A. B. Welch 
installed a laundry on Elmira Street and 
Tomlinson took over the foundry on East 
Main Street. The history of these busi- 
nesses is given in a later section. 

The Mansfield Fair Association bought 
more land on the south and northeast sides 
of the Park, built a grandstand, a third mile 
track, more exhibition buildings and held 
each year a very successful fair. The at- 
tendance on Thursdays, the big day, was 
often estimated at from twenty to forty 
thousand. On one day over 1200 tickets 
were sold on the train coming from Bloss- 
burg. In 1892, electric lights were installed 
and a football game played in the evening. 

A brick yard was started at Fifth and 
St. James Streets, but later moved north of 
Corey Creek and west of Extension Street. 
It was run by Barton and French and later 
by M. S. French alone. This yard turned 
out millions of bricks which were used in 
construction at the Normal, the Baptist 
Church, and stores in Mansfield and other 
towns where Mr. French had building con- 
tracts. 

A band was organized by B. A. Strait 
and the community raised money for uni- 
forms and instruments in 1891. Andrew 
Sherwood opened up the land south ®f Hope 
Cemetery and sold lots in 1887 (Now Pros- 
pect Cmetery). In 1889 the Oakwood Cem- 
etery Association was formed and opened 
up Oakwood Cemetery and the first inter- 
ment was made in 1891. Also, beginning 
in 1891, and for several years, the Post- 
office put up flags indicating the weather 
prediction. A Liberty Pole, carrying the 
U. S. Flag, was maintained at the corner 
of Main and Wellsboro Streets. 

The Lawyers of the period were: J. W. 
Adams, F. W. Clark, B. J. Costley. 

The Doctors were: J. M. Barden, W. D. 
Vedder, F. G. Elliott, C. V. Elliott. 

The Dentist was O. Newell. 

Transportation: Stages to Troy and ta 
Wellsboro; two passenger trains a day to 
Elmira and Arnot. 



12 




MANSFIELD FAIR, before THE AUTOMOBILE CAME 




MANSFIELD FAIR, STOCK EXHIBIT 




MANSFIELD FAIR, FARM EQUIPMENT 

13 



:■'■■:-:-.. .■ : 




GRANDSTAND, SMYTHE PARK 




MANSFIELD FAIR, LADIES PAVILION 




MVNSFI'.LD FAIR, MAIN BUILDING 

14 



IV. 1893 to 1902 




HIS was the decade in which 
Mansfield Borough became mod- 
ernized. On May 8, 1893 the con- 
tract was signed with the Watres 
family for a water supply. The lines were 
to be completed in September, but due to 
delays in crossing the river, the water was 
not available for about a month afterward. 
The sewer system was gradually extended 
following a map made by engineers in 1894. 
In 1895 a franchise was granted for a tele- 
phone line which went to Wellsboro and 
there was one phone in town, at the Hotel 
Allen. In 1896 a franchise was granted to 
the New York and Pennsylvania Telephone 
Company, the Bell System, and this com- 
pany bought out the Wellsboro line. In the 
next few years several rural lines were 
organized along the roads out of town, lat- 
er combining to form the Citizens Tele- 
phone Company which continued to 1952. 
In 1896 a franchise was granted to a con- 
cern to put in an electric light system but 
was not used. In 1897 this franchise was 
transferred to the Mansfield Electric Light 
Company and many homes and the State 
Normal School installed electric lights. The 
Borough itself did not sign a contract for 
street lighting until 1902. The lights were 
turned on December 24th. 

Eighth Street was legally opened but there 
was some confusion in the names of what 
are now seventh and eighth streets and 
what would be fifth and sixth streets. The 
old names, Lincoln Avenue and Elm Street 
as given on the old Putnam Map, were oft- 
en used. 

The installation of a sewer system was 
perhaps the worst problem the Borough 
Council had to consider, both because of 
the expense, and because of the lack of 
natural drainage in the southern part of 
the town. The Council finally decided to 
spread the expense over several years and 
to put in the sewers on Elmira, Sherwood 
and North Academy Streets first. An over- 
flow sewer was put in from the junction of 
Elmira Street and North Main Street, to 
Corey Creek in 1897. In 1898 a trunk sewer 
was built from the river through Smythe 
Park across Main Street to St. James Street 
with secondary sewers on St. James, First, 
Second, and East Main Streets. In 1899 a 
sewer was laid up South Main Street to 
Fourth Street. In 1902 a storm sewer was 
laid under Main Street north of the Park 



entrance. Bonds in the amount of $5,000.00 
were issued in 1899 and considerable sums 
were borrowed from time to time to cover 
this and other expenses. 

.Until the installation of electric street 
lights the oil lamps were cared for by a 
man who was also janitor of the Borough 
Building. He received $35.00 a month and 
feed for his horse. His horse and wagon 
carrying oil, ladder and cleaning apparatus 
was a familiar sight in the village. 

The night watchman was paid about the 
same and one-half the amount was paid by 
the merchants. The Borough purchased a 
clock for $37.50 which he had to carry and 
by which he could be checked. 

The water system made a much better 
system of fire protection possible. The 
Council purchased a hose cart and 1200 
feet of hose at once and from time to time 
bought nozzles and other supplies for the 
hose companies. A fire alarm bell (still 
there) was placed over the Borough Build- 
ing, costing $500.00. After the telephone 
lines were installed connection was made 
so that the bell could be rung from the 
central office. A tower for drying hose was 
built at a cost of $102.00 and is still in use. 
One hose company, the Neptune, disbanded, 
but the other two maintained their organ- 
izations and joined in electing a Chief to 
have complete control in case of fire. There 
was much competition between the two 
companies as to which one would have the 
first hose laid. Frequent meets were held 
with other towns in Tioga and Bradford 
Counties in which the Mansfield companies 
made an excellent showing. Hook and Lad- 
der Company No. 1 continued to hold an- 
nual parties in the Opera House, considered 
the outstanding social event of the year. 

The floods of December 18, 1901 did con- 
siderable damage, especially along Corey 
Creek. The bridge erected on Academy 
Street in 1894 was washed out and a new 
one built in 1902. The Erie Railroad was 
requested to enlarge its bridge over the 
creek to prevent damage by backwater. 
The bridge over Ellen Run on the Hollow 
Road was also washed out and had to be 
replaced and the road repaired. 

The Council continued to have much 
trouble making citizens keep their walks in 
repair. They were more careful than ever 



15 



about this after paying $200.00 to a woman 
who was injured on an icy walk. In 1893 
Bentley and Curtis laid the first cement 
walk in the Borough around the Ross prop- 
erty, corner Academy and Normal Avenue. 

In accordance with a new State law a 
Board of Health was set up. The Borough 
was divided into five sections and a mem- 
ber appointed by the Burgess, ratified by 
the Council, for each section. Dr. Went- 
worth Vedder was very active on this board 
for several years. 

The Mansfield Fair continued to be very 
successful and the buildings and grounds 
were greatly improved. In 1900 the track 
was enlarged to a full half mile and the 
ball grounds were moved to its present lo- 
cation and in 1902 new grandstands built 
(the ball grounds were originally on the 
west side of the park with the home plate 
at the south end). The present gateway was 
built in 1893. In only one year of the ten 
was the weather bad. Thursday was the 
big day and the attendance reached over 
20,000 persons. Excursion trains were still 
run from all sections of the county and 
from Corning and Elmira. 

It was in this decade that the triangle 
where Sullivan Street intersects Academy 
Street was improved and a Cannon with 
large cannon balls at its side was mounted 
on a concrete foundation. This was a fix- 
ture until the old cannon was used for 
scrap metal in World War II and the pres- 
ent cannon replaced it. The Borough Lib- 
erty Pole was maintained on the square; 
in 1899 a new flag was bought at a cost 
of $30.00 and in 1901 the pole was moved 
to the triangle. 

In 1899 Dr. Albro resigned as Principal 
of the State Normal and Dr. Andrew Thom- 
as Smith was elected to the position by the 
Board of Trustees. In 1895, on Arbor Day, 
a considerable number of trees were plant- 
ed on the hill back of the school. In 1900 
an addition furnishing toilet facilities for 
the boys was built at the back of South 
Hall. In 1894 the central portion of North 
Hall was rebuilt and an elevator installed. 

If the previous decade was notable for 
roller skating, this one was for bicycling. 
The traffic problem on the sidewalks was 
so bad that ordinances were passed requir- 
ing licenses to ride on the sidewalks and 



forbidding riding on the walks after the 
electric lights were on. Some of the most 
prominent citizens were arrested for violat- 
ing this ordinance. Since the only lights 
were in the houses, a standard excuse was 
that the rider did not know they had been 
turned on. There were bicycle clubs mak- 
ing long trips, as to Buffalo or New York 
City. A state law was passed making it 
possible for counties to build bicycle paths 
alongside the roads. There was one along 
the river between Lambs Creek and Mill 
Creek to avoid the hill. As mentioned un- 
der "Businesses", there was for many years 
a bicycle repair shop in town. 

In the same way the livery business was 
very important in this period. There were 
two livery stables in town, one back of the 
Adams Block and one which was where the 
rear of Johnson's Truck Lines and the At- 
lantic and Pacific Store are. A part of this 
stable now forms a part of these buildings. 
There was a stage line to Troy and two to 
Wellsboro, following different routes. 
Hitching sheds were maintained for the 
farmers on Center Street and on Sassafras 
Alley. The livery business was at an end 
soon after Ed Ross brought the first auto- 
mobile to town and the stages were discon- 
tinued after the establishment of R.F.D. 
routes as there was no contract to be had 
for carrying mails to small rural postoffices. 

During this period many homes were 
built. Also the Presbyterian Church was 
enlarged by an addition at the rear. Bert 
Vedder started to build a large factory on 
W. Elmira Street for canning pickles, but 
laws were passed, at the instance of the 
Heinz concern, which put him out of busi- 
ness and hurt many producers of cucum- 
bers in this section. 

High School Principals in this period 
were: G. B. Strait, 1893; Hugh Sherwood, 
1895; J. C. Doane, 1899; A. S. Lent, 1900; 
E. A. Retan, 1901. 

Lawyers were: Frank Clark, Leon Chan- 
nell came in 1895; Costley left in 1894. 

Doctors were: C. V. Elliott (retired), 
Moody, F. G. Elliott, F. G. Wood after 1895 
and Edith Flower (Wheeler) after 1899. 

Dentists: J. E. Williamson after 1899; 
H. W. Bailey in 1900; O. Newell. 



16 




OPERA HOUSE AND BOROUGH BUILDING BUILT IN 1888; NOTE WATERING 

TROUGH GIVEN BY MR. BUTTS 




STRAUGHN HALL, 1929 



17 




OAKWOOD DAM, CANOE CAMr 




CHURCH OF CHRIST (DISCIPLES) CANOE CAMP 



18 



■ ■. , 



V. 1903 to 1912 




NE of the most important meas- 
ures passed by the Council in this 
decade was that of Dec. 24, 1906, 
in which it was agreed that the 
Borough would pay 25% of the cost of lay- 
ing cement sidewalks on private lots if the 
walks were built according to the specifica- 
tions set forth in the ordinance. Provision 
was made for inspection. As a result of this 
far-sighted ordinance, sidewalk building 
went on very rapidly for several years, es- 
pecially in 1910 when many crosswalks 
were also laid by the Borough. Curbs were 
built on N. Main to Sherwood and gutters 
on S. Main from the square to near Normal 
Avenue. The staples in the curbing for 
hitching horses were ordered removed in 
1903. 

In 1909 an ordinance was passed legaliz- 
ing the names of the streets of the Bor- 
ough. The only changes, or new streets 
from those previousl. >poned were: Novel- 
ty Place, Main street to ine electric plant; 
Decker Street, N. Main to the foot of Pickle 
Hill; Coles Street, formerly N. Sullivar 
Street; Corey Street, N. Main to the con- 
densary; Clinton Street to be opened to 
Fourth Street, and numbers four to eight 
given to streets that had been called by 
various names over the years, such as Elm, 
Lincoln Avenue, J. S. Hoard was authorized 
to number the houses and lots on the 
streets and these numbers were to be offi- 
cial. Leach Alley, from W. Wellsboro, back 
of the Shepard Store, 90 feet north, and 
then west to Sassafras Alley was laid out. 

Beginning in 1908 the movement to take 
care of the cemetery on N. Main Street, 
called Hope Cemetery at this time, was 
under way. This cemetery consisted of 
three parts: the old part owned by the 
Township originally, Hope Cemetery prop- 
er, and the Sherwood addition. The Coun- 
cil agreed to give the Association any land 
owned by the Borough, the old Township 
portion, and this was done in 1909 after 
Prospect Cemetery Association had been 
formed. In 1903 the Souncil had paid for 
laying water pipes into the Cemetery, the 
water being donated by the Water Com- 
pany. The Council also paid for cleaning 
up the old Township section. 

There was the usual concern with the 
sewers and with washing by Corey Creek. 
In 1903 an overflow sewer was run under 



the railroad into the Park, after an agree- 
ment was made with the Park Association 
to protect them, and this proved successful 
for some time. The sewer on Extension. 
Street caused trouble due to the old tan- 
nery race. The River Road was protected 
by wnarfing in 1904 and wing dams were- 
built on Corey Creek at Extension Street 
and Academy Street. In 1911 the bridge- 
over Corey Creek at Extension Street was 
made a County Bridge. Fourth Street was 
surveyed for a sewer in 1907. In 1908 the- 
Elmira Street sewer was extended 200 feet 
beyond Extension Street. In 1913 the resi- 
dents on Elmira, Academy, St. James and 
Main Streets were ordered to do away with 
outhouses and connect with the sewer sys- 
tem, if not already connected. The water 
system was extended' to the bridge leading: 
to the Newtown Road and on Coles Street. 

The Fire Companies previously active- 
had become dormant. Harry B. Taylor and! 
Ray Longbothum were active in getting; 
help from the Council in restoring interest. 
500 feet of hose was bought in 1904; the- 
company was reorganized in 1906 and has 
been active ever since. Their New Year's 
parties, stag, during this period, were very 
popular. On Dec. 23, 1908 the Old Hook and 
Ladder Company had a reunion. 

In 1908 D. J. Butts donated a water foun- 
tain for watering horses, placed first at 
N. W. corner of the square but afterwards 
moved to E. Wellsboro Street opposite the 
Presbyterian Church. 

The Methodist Church in 1908, gave the 
triangle at Sullivan and Academy Streets 
to the Borough, and in 1924 the Borough 
deeded it to the Normal School. 

In 1909 an anti-spitting ordinance was 
passed but the Council bought six cuspidors 
for the Council room. In 1908 a dog muzzl- 
ing ordinance was passed. In 1911 and in 
1912 Municipal House Cleaning Days were 
observed. The ordinance requiring bonds 
for bicycle riders was still enforced. In 1905 
the G.A.R. was granted $21.00 to employ 
"an eloquent and distinguished speaker for 
Memorial Day." In 1908 the Borough Build- 
ing was considerably repaired with steel 
ceiling and new decorations. 

The extensions of the R.F.D. in 1903 and 
1904 caused the abandonment of the stages 



19 



which had run to Wellsboro and Troy. 

The Citizens Telephone Company was 
greatly extended, and completed a long dis- 
tance connection with the Bell System. 

Beginning in 1907 R. W. Allen had a bus- 
iness school in the Shepard Block for a 
number of years. 

About 1908 Mansfield residents started a 
"Summer Colony" at Oakwood. This was 
on the west side of the river at Canoe Camp 
along the old mill race, and the dam for 
the race had provided a good swimming 
hole. An ice house built here was one of 
the main sources of ice for Mansfield for 
many years. Some of the old cottages are 
still used. 

A new street sprinkler was bought in 
1909. 

In 1909 stock was being sold for a com- 
pany to build a trolley line to Wellsboro. 



This was agitated for a few years, but the 
advent of the automobile at a reasonable 
price made it impractical. 

The Fair Association bought more land 
north of the former grounds in 1910 and in 
1911 built a 100-foot addition to the grand- 
stand. During this decade the Fair was 
very successful, with the attendance fre- 
quently running to 20,000 or more on Thurs- 
day. 

The Physicians during this period were: 
Dr. C. V. Elliott to 1904; F. G. Wood, F. G. 
Elliott, B. Moody, W. D. Vedder and Dr. 
Edith Flower. 

The Dentists were: Harry Bailey to 1903; 
Oramel Newell to 1909; A. W. Edstrom, S. 
E. Williamson. 

Dr. Whiting was the Veterinary Surgeon. 
Lawyers: Harvey Leach, Frank Clark. 





CLOCK TOWER 
ALUMNI HALL, 1885 



NORTH HALL 



20 



VI. 1913 to 1929 




HIS period of almost seventeen 
years is one for which there were 
available no sources of informa- 
tion eAcept the minutes of the 
Council and some scattered papers. For 
some years only one paper was found. This 
is most unfortunate for it includes the years 
of World War I. During that time we know 
that the citizens were engaged in many 
patriotic activities. Organizations of "Min- 
ute Men" went out selling war bonds. The 
record on the wall at Strait's Hardware 
shows the contribution made by the com- 
munity in terms of man power. Many of our 
present citizens spent considerable time in 
the trenches in France. The Austin-Cox 
Post of the American Legion, in its name, 
bears tribute to two who paid the supreme 
sacrifice. 

Much of the history of the period has to 
do with the changes brought about by the 
coming of the automobile. Two of these. 
the paving of streets and the building of 
garages are so prominent that they have 
been treated separately in order to carry 
the story right down to the present. 

In 1920 the President's Mansion at the 
College was built, in 1925-26 the new Pres- 
byterian Church was built, and in 1917 the 
Holy Child Church was erected. 

In 1919 the Council purchased a chemical 
engine for $500.00 and a second hand scrap- 
er for work on unimproved streets. In 1926 
a grader was bought. The tax rate during 
part of this period was 10 mills for general 
purposes and four mills for sinking funds, 
but was increased to fourteen mills and 
four mills to meet the increased cost of the 
paving. Ransom Bryant was night watch 
for most of the time at a salary of $20.00 
per month. Ordinances were passed for a 
curfew in 1919; against dumping rubbish 
on the streets and driving on the sidewalks 
in 1924, and prohibiting fireworks in 1928. 

In 1924 the Girl Scouts organized their 
first troop in Mansfield. In 1925 the Amer- 
ican Legion installed the Boulevard Lights 
at the square. In 1928 the markers and 



plates at the Borough limits on No. 6 and 
15 were erected by the combined Womens' 
Clubs. In 1927 it was agreed with the Alum- 
ni of the old Soldiers' Orphans School that 
they might erect a marker in memory of 
Fordyce A. Allen at the N. W. corner on 
the square. 

In the fall of 1926 a Community Bazaar 
to raise money with which to buy a fire 

engine was held. This was truly a commu- 
nity effort extending over most of a week, 
centering in the Grange Hall, and was very 
successful. In connection with the fire si- 
ren which had been purchased by the Coun- 
cil in 1922 and which was blown at noon 
from Palmer's Jewelry Store, as well as 
for fires, much better fire protection was 
provided for the community. 

Two other community efforts are worthy 
of notice. At this time, of course, there 
were not available State Welfare Services, 
nor County Nurses, and other services now 
provided for the County. In 1926 there was 
organized the Mansfield Welfare Associa- 
tion and in 1924 the Community Nurse 
Association. Both were supported at this 
time by annual drives made throughout the 
community. The Welfare Association has 
continued to this time though there is less 
demand for its services now than in the 
past. The Community Nurse at first gave 
half her time to the schools and half to 
any needy cases in the town. Her work was 
partly supported by the School Board, and 
later partly by the College also. In 1950 
she became a school nurse giving all her 
time to the children in the schools and paid 
by the college and the school board. 

The Physicians during this period were: 
H. C. Harkness, L. J. Neal, F. G. Wood to 
1916; J. H. Doane from about 1918; F. G. 
Elliott. 

The Dentists were A. W. Edstrom to 
1927; Robert DeWaters from 1927; J. E. 
Williamson and Adolph Schlappi. 

The Lawyers were: Frank W. Clark, 
Harvey Leach, and for a few years, Donald 
Rockwell. 



21 




SOUTH HALL, 1895 




MUNICIPAL WATER AUTHORITY 

Standing, L-R: Raymond Van Noy, King G. Rose, Charles H. Curtis, Supt; 
Seated: Gerald C. Schanbacher, Oscar M. Lutes, Howard S. Davis. 



22 



VII. 1930 to 1940 




HIS decade, although it was the 
period of the "Great Depression," 
was one in which great changes 
and many improvements took 
place in Mansfield. By 1930 a franchise had 
been granted by the Council and Natural 
Gas was brought into town. Straughn Hall, 
at the College, was completed. Due to ef- 
forts from 1930-34 an appropriation of 
$45,000.00 was secured for an Armory Build- 
ing and it was built in 1936. The new Shop 
Building at the College was constructed. 
In 1934 a new Vocational Building was built 
at the High School and in 1938-39 the new 
Senior High School was built. A. H. Vos- 
burg was of great help in securing money 
and watching the development of this pro- 
ject. A bond issue of $42,500.00 was voted 
in 1937 for this purpose. In 1938 the con- 
tract was let for three new buildings at 
the College; Gymnasium, Elementary 
School, Arts Building. 

Mansfield shared more than most com- 
munities in the development of through bus 
lines, connecting the community more di- 
rectly with the outside world than was the 
case in the days of the railroad passenger 
service. In 1929 the "Great Eastern Stages" 
later the "Greyhound", a New York to Chi- 
cago line, started. There was also a line 
from Blossburg to Elmira and Corning, 
which later ran from Williamsport and now 
from Washington to Rochester and Buffalo. 
For some years the Martz lines also ran 
from New York west. 

In connection with the Works Progress 
Administration and that of the so-called 
"Alphabetical Agencies" of the depression 
period, the Borough built, in 1934-35, a sew- 
er on the north side of Corey Creek from 
Extension Street to the river with spurs 
on N. Academy and Main Streets. Altogeth- 
er 4,900 feet were laid for which the Bor- 
ough appropriated only $600.00. Also, in the 
same way, a great deal of work on the 
streets was done. 

In 1937 a movement begun by the worn- 
ens' clubs culminated in the formation of 
a Community Chest to concentrate the giv- 
ing of the citizens into one "drive" instead 



of the five which had been going on each 
year. All the organizations interested co- 
operated and a board was set up consisting 
of representatives of the business men, the 
schools, the welfare organizations, and the 
college faculty. 

In 1936 the Business Men's Association 
sponsored a Halloween party for the chil- 
dren of the community. This was very suc- 
cessful and has become an annual affair. 

In 1939 skunks came to be such a nuis- 
ance in the Borough that the Council hired 
a man to trap them. His work was so suc- 
cessful that there has been no complaint 
since. 

In 1929 the name "College" was substi- 
tuted for "Normal" in names of streets. In 

1933 the short street between highway six 
in its new location, and Brooklyn Street, 
was named Ross Street; Meadow Street 
was extended to Corey Creek as had been 
originally intended. The Borough acquired 
a flushing truck and equipment and a new 
truck for street work. Ordinances were 
again passed to require sewer connections 
and to eliminate outside toilets (1931) ; to 
regulate excavations in paved streets; re- 
quiring proper pasteurization of all milk 
sold in the Borough (1932), regulating 
building by granting permits (1937). 

Since the Borough was $6,500.00 in debt 
in 1930, the bonds authorized in 1924 and 
never issued, were sold. 

In 1936 the Rural Electrification Agency 
started a Mansfield office and to extend 
electric lines from the town out into the 
rural areas. 

The Doctors in the period were: Hughes 
Meaker, John Doane, L. J. Neal, I. R. Vin- 
cent^ D. W. Crittenden from 1937; J. J. 
Moore from 1939. 

The Dentists were: Adolph Schlappi, 
Robert De Waters to 1932; J. E. Williamson, 
Joseph Jaquish, 1932-34; J. J. McMillan, 

1934 on. 

Veterinarian: R. J. Lynch. 







^■St***""- 


'. 






-.- 








" J-zr. 




tfegf 




Si '-, $ li 












■ '2JH 8*^31 







OLD HIGH SCHOOL, BUILT 1880 




MANSFIELD HIGH SCHOOL, 1939 



24 



VIII. 1941 to 1957 




HE history of the last sixteen 
years is familiar to most of us. 
However, the historian of the fu- 
ture, and the generation now 
classed as "children" will some day want 
to know what took place in this psriod. 

First in importance was World War II. 
Mansfield not only contributed more than 
its share of manpower, but eo.it ibuted 
more than its quota in every War Bo'.d 
Sale, Red Cross, or U.S.O. drive. During the 

years 1942-46 a Service Center was kept 
open in the southern half of the BaM* 
Block. It was supported and staffed by the 
citizens. Service men caught between 
buses, or hitch hiking, could find a bed, or 
refreshments. The Red Cross Rooms were 
active with women sewing for hospitals. 
The local Ambulance Company was one of 
the early units over-seas. At one time it 
was located near Mansfield, England and 
the children of the Mansfield, Ba., schools 
sent seven large cartons of toys and gifts 
to the children of Mansfield, England. After 
the war Mansfield, England, sent a gift of 
music books to our school. 

The Memorial Swimming Bool is a sym- 
bol of the gratitude of the community for 
the sacrifice of its youth. Built in 1949 at 
a cost of $40,000 in money, work furnished 
and materials donated, it will long remain 
a monument to the veterans of the two 
World Wars. Its history is fully set forth 
in a publication, "Mansfield Memorial 
Swimming Fool." 

During this period the Council carried 
out many improvements in the Borough. 
One of the most useful is the new Borough 
Building just west of the river on Wells- 
boro Street. Built in 1951, it provides a 
modern office for the meetings of the Coun- 
cil, as well as a garage and workshop for 
the Borough Trucks and the men employed. 
The Council purchased a dump truck in 
1950, a tractor and loader in 1948, and new 
fire pumpers in 1946 and 1956. With the 
loader and truck it is possible for the 
streets to be speedily cleaned after a heavy 
snowfall. 

All the streets not under the control of 
the State Highway Department have been 
resurfaced in this period. In 1946 the state 
repaved N. "Main Street from Prospeet 
Street to the Borough limits. In 1945 Wells- 



boro and Sullivan Streets were resurfaced. 
Many new sewers were laid; a four-foot 

sewer from E. Main under the railroad in 
1943; in connection with the State, a sewer 
from College Blace to Corey Creek in 1952; 
a sewer from Brospect Street to the Bor- 
ough limits in 1953; one on Fourth Street, 
in 1952. In 1946, in response to demand of 
the State, engineers were employed to 
draw up plans for a sewage disposal plant. 
Two new bridges were built over Ellen 
Run, one at Brooklyn Street in 1951 and 
one on the Hollow Road in 1955. 

In 1942 the Council set up a Municipal 
Authority through which the Council could 
authorize the purchase of the Water Sys- 
tem ,and in 1943 the purchase was consum- 
ated. By this act the Council has made it 
possible to utilize the profits from the sys- 
tem for improvements. Much has been done 
to this end; reforestation of the water 
shed, introduction of Fluoridation, improve- 
ment of the dams, and replacing worn out 
mains. Herbert Peterson and Oscar Lutes 
were leaders in this movement. 

In 1944-45 the Frozen Food Lockers were 
built at 38 S. Main Street. At the College 
a new Science Building was erected 1951- 
52; in 1951 the old South Hall, oldest of the 
original buildings dating from 1857-58, was 
torn down and a modern dormitory erected 
in 1952; the kitchen was completely remod- 
eled and new storage and refrigerator facil- 
ities added; and in 1955 a new Fire Tower 
was erected at the rear of North Hall. In 
1955-56, Webb Rice tore down the old fill- 
ing station at 50 S. Main Street, and the 
two old wooden buildings at 15 and 17 N. 
Main Street and erected a new Fost Office 
building at the first site "and two modern 
stores at the second. 

For a few years, beginning in 1945, the 
airplane fever hit Mansfield. In September, 
1945, a field was opened south of town 
which was, in 1948, moved to a hill top on 
the old ore bed road. In 1946 there were 
seven planes owned locally and air plane 
breakfasts were the style, staged at var- 
ious fields in other localities. Garrison and 
Myers were dealers in planes, and flying 
lessons were given at the field. In 1949 the 
field was again moved to its former loca- 
tion on the flat south of Canoe Camp but 
by 1950 there was little-local flying. The 
increased expense of operating the field led 



25 



to its abandonment. 

New industries were brought to town 
through the activities of the Business Men's 
Association which bought a tract of land 
(part of the old Putnam lands) in the south- 
east corner of the Borough. Here the Arm- 

co Corporation erected a large fabrication 
unit in 1952-53. In 1954 the Association 
erected a building for the Houghtaling and 
Oldman, Inc. Foundry which had been oper- 
ating in a small building on the park. On 
7th Street there was built a large skating 
rink which has been very popular. South 
of 7th Street, the G.L.P. Cooperative great- 
ly enlarged the 1946 plant in 1949. 

In 1946 those lot owners who were inter- 
ested in the old Oakwood Cemetery revived 
the organization and sold the cemetery to 
the Prospect Cemetery Association. This 
association, out of civic pride, took over 
the property and proceeded immediately to 
improve it and to provide an attractive site 
for future lot purchases. 

In 1946 a new franchise was granted the 
Tioga County Bell Telephone Company and 
in 1948 the company built a modern "Cen- 
tral" at 56 S. Main Street. By 1952 the Bell 
System had absorbed the local lines of the 
old Citizens Telephone Company. In 1954 
the Tioga County unit sold out to the Com- 
monwealth Telephone Company of Dallas, 
Pa. 

In 1952 the Baptist congregation made a 
considerable addition to the Sherwood 
Street side of the church. 

In 1950-51 new street signs were erected 



at all street corners. In 1952 scales were 
installed at the Borough Building. When 
trucks were suspected to be overweight, 
they could be checked here by the Borough 
Police. Parking meters also were installed 
in 1950. Through the revenue received from 
these two sources it became possible to 
hire police for twenty-four-hour duty and 
to increase greatly the protection to school 
children going to and from school. 

The tax rate on borough real estate was 
increased to 24 mills in 1942, and cut to 23 
mills 1943-1947. After a special election in 
1947 it was increased to 26 mills to give 
increased fire protection but was cut to 
25 mills in 1948, 24 in 1950, 22 in 1951. Fol- 
lowing the State revision of assessments 
it was cut to nine mills in 1955 but raised 
to 12 mills in 1956. 

In 1953 the Tyco Television Company put 
up a tower, were granted a franchise, and 
brought a cable to town, making it possible 
tor residents to install television sets in 
their homes. 

In 1948, C. Morris Thompson constructed 
an attractive Dairy Bar at 103 W. Wellsboro 
Street, with a modern pasteurizing and ice 
cream plant attached. 

Doctors: J. J. Moore, Robert Sanford, 
1949; Charles B. Flack, 1950; I. R. Vincent 
to 1948. 

Dentists: J. J. McMillan, E. A. Evans, 
1946. 

Veterinarians: R. J. Lynch, E. E. Barber. 

Attorney: Robert E. Farr. 







SOUTH MAIN STREET. 1900 



26 




SOLDIERS' ORPHAN SCHOOL about 1880 




MANSFIELD BOROUGH COUNCIL, 1957 

Back Row: L-R Att'y Robert E. Farr, Councilman David C. Evans. Wayne 
R. Cleveland, Jay B. Foreman, Burgess Joseph H. Garside, Chester P. Bailey, 
Secretary; Councilman William C. Bradshaw. 

Front Row: L-R John F. Myers, Treasurer; Councilmen, Dana D. Decker, 
Rdnald D. Sick, President; Howard L. Goodall. 



27 




MANSFIELD FREE LIBRARY and HONOR ROLL, WORLD WAR II 




FIRST NATIONAL BANK BUILDING, 1953 



28 



IX. The Government 



Burgesses 

Henry Allen 1857, 1866 

J. A. Holden 1858 

S. B. Elliott 1859 

Mart King 1860, 1861, 1864, 1874, 1875 

A. J. Ross 1862 

Philip Williams 1863 

W. D. Long 1865 

J. T. Strait 1867 

W. B. Middaugh 1868, 1870, 1871 

William Hollands 1869, 1878 

J. W. Adams 1871 

J. S. Murdaugh 1873, 1874 

D. H. Pitts 1876, 1879, 1885 

C. H. Verrill 1877 

Enoch Blackwell 1880 

C. V. Elliott 1881 

T. H. Bailey, 

1882, 1883, 1886, through 1889, 1900-03 
H. E. Metcalf 1884, 1890, 1891 

C. S. Kingsley 1892 

W. D. Husted 1893 

Dr. J. M. Barden 1894 

P. E. Van Keuran 1895, 1896 

Three Year Terms 

S. J. Shepard 1897 

R. W. Rose : 1903 

E. H. Ross 1906 

Four Year Terms 

P. A. Clark 1909 

A. H. Vosburg Feb. 1913 to Dec. 1918 

L. B. Shaw 1918 

Edwin Coles 1922 to Jan. 1936 

Everett McMurtry 1936 to Oct. 1940 

Mott Brooks Nov. 1940 to June 1943 

E. C. Russell July 1943 to 1954 

Joseph Garside 1954 

Councilman 

Porter Gaylord 1857, 58, 69, 70 

L. H. Elliott 1857 

M. Kelley 1857, 58, 68 

J. M. Cassels 1857 

H. Davis 1857, 58, 63 

Wm. Adams 1858, 66 

B. C. Mann 1858, 65, 68, 74, 75, 81 

D. H. Spur 1859 

William Hollands .... 1859, 60, 61, 62, 64, 72 

A. B. Campbell 1859, 60 

L. H. Brewster 1859 

W. D. Kelley I860 

A. Young 1860, 61 

H. G. Martin 1860 



John Slingerland 1861 

H. H. Lawrence 1861, 64, 65 

W. H. Allen 1861 

Henry Allen 1862, 64 

J. M. Phelps 1862, 69, 70, 72, 73 

Phil Williams 1862, 74, 75 

R. P. Buttles 1862, 67 

L. A. Ridgway 1863, 76 

A. Hunt 1863, 64, 72, 73 

L. D. Grover 1863, 65 

C. J. Kelley 1863 

A. J. Ross 1864, 67, 72, 73 

G. W. Kiff 1865, 66, 69 

J. L. Kelley 1865 

Abram Shuart 1866, 71 

Alvin Gaylord 1866 

J. D. Smith 1866 

C. V. Elliott 1867, 76, 83 

J. S. Murdaugh 1867 

J. M. Bailey 1867, 78 

P. V. Clark 1868, 76 

A. J. Webster 1868 

Enoch Blackwell 1868 

L. Reynolds 1869 

F. L. Allen 1869, 74, 75 

J. W. Adams 1870, 71 

C. J. Munn 1870 

John A. Holden 1870 

L. B. Eagle 1871 

O. Newell 1871, 89 to 1905 

Homer Kingsley 1871, 87, 88, 89 

Mart King 1872, 73, 79 

A. M. Pitts 1872, 73, 78 

C. W. Brown 1873 

D. H. Pitts 1874, 75 

C. S. Kingsley 1874, 75, 81-85, 87-89 

L. R. Decker 1874 

Solomon Sweet 1875 

F. M. Shaw 1876, 77 

W. W. Bentley 1876, 77, 81, 86, 87, 88 

M. A. Cass 1876 

Freeman Gaylord 1877, 79, 80 

Hiram Hodges 1877 

D. D. Mann 1877, 78, 79 

T. H. Bailey 1877, 79, 80, 81 

J. F. Howe, 

1878 to 1880, 1893 to 1895, 1906-09 
V. R. Pratt 1878 

G. W. Davis 1878, 80 

Dyer Butts 1879, 81-83, 85-87 

U. S. Snover 1880 

H. C. Bailey 1880 

D. A. Gaylord 1881-83 

C. L. Strait 1882 

T. F. Rolison 1882, 83 

J. A. Elliott 1882, 83 

B. C. Mann 1884, 85, 86 



29 



Edward Doane 1884. 85. 86 

Emory Goodrich 1884, 85, 86 

T. M. Shaw 1884 

Three Year Terms From Here 

A. H. Avery 1884 

T. Williams 1885 

G. W. Davis - 1886 

J. M. Barden 1888 

Frank Kohler 1888 

Era Wright 1889 

3, E. Reese 1830, 93 

C. H. Horton 1890 

Joseph Schusler 1891 

O. T. Haight 1891 

B. V. Strait 1892 

C. H. Randall 1892 

H. E. Metca'.f 1894 

O. V. Smith 1894 

T. W. Judge 1895, 07 

G. L. Strait 1895 

W. W. Allen 1897 

Ray Longbothum 1897 

Ed Passmore 1898, 04 

E. N. Bentley 1898, 08 

A. S. Reynolds 1899 

Ed C. Wood 1S99. 03 

J. L. Cummings 1899 

A. R. Decker 1902, 07 

Wm. McConnell 1902 

G. A. Cornwell 1900 

L. B. Shaw 1900, 03, 07 (1 yr.) 

J. M. Clark 1901, 05 

Delos H. Walker 1901 

Reuben Curtis 1901 (1 yr.), 05 

E. H. Blackwell 1904 

II. I. Ripley 1905 

M. Shipbanker 1906, 09 

Frank Gillette 1907 

Elmer Briggs 1908 

W. D. Ramsdell 1908, 14 

S. B. McConnell 1909, 13. 20. 22, 20 

J. H. Benson 1910 

A. W. Rear 1910 



Four Year Term From Here 

F. L. Jupenlaz 1911 

C. B. Sherwood 1911, 15 

H. B. Taylor 1911, 15 

S. C. Dorsett 1911 

C. W. Earley 1913 

J. J. Taylor 1913 (1 yr.) 

Willys Avery 1915, 1920, 1924 

H. B. Kingsley 1915 

Homer H. Hager 1917 (3 yrs.) 

G. L. Palmer 1917 

F. W. Simmons 1917 

Wallace Lowe 1920, 1924 

Leon Baynes 1920, 24, 28, 32 

R. E. Cleveland 1922 

R. M. Swan 1922 

Frank Marvin 1924 

H. G. Peterson 1926,30, 34 

E. C. Russell 1926, 30, 34, 38 

E. A. Retan 1928 (2 yrs.) 

C. M. Thompson 1928, 32 

M. H. Shepard 1928, 32 

J. E. Farrer 1928, 30, 34 

A. T. Belknap 1930 (2 yrs > 

Wade Goodall 1936 

O. L. Schanbacher 1936, 40, 44 

Wm. Barden....l936, 40, 44, 48, resigned 1949 

C. L. Johnson 1936, 40 

Fred Hakes 1938, 42, 46, 50, 54 to 56 

Elmer Kennedy, 

1938, 42, 46, 50, resigned 1952 

W. E. French 1940, 44 

Dana Decker 1942, 46, 50, 54 

Charles Hawley 1944 

Raymond Austin 1948 

King Rose 1948 

David Evans 1948, 52, 56 

John M. Barden 1950 to 52 

H. L. Goodall 1952, 54 

Emerson Evans 1952 

J. J. Moore 1952 

Ronald Sick 1952, 56 

William Bradshaw 1956 

William Taylor 1956, resigned June 1st 

Wayne Cleveland 1956 

J. B. Foreman 1956 



:u) 



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o 

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o 
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O 



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32 



X. Old Homes 




HIS list is very incomplete. It has 
been limited by the failure of the 
Advertiser to give any mention of 
the homes being built during the 
seventies other than to say that twenty- 
four homes were built in 1877. The assess- 
ment list of the Borough was of some help, 
but too many homes were simply given as 
"very old." It is also true, of course, that 
the oldest homes have often been added to, 
or remodeled, so that they do not appear 
to be old. It is hoped that the list is reas- 
onably accurate: 

Probably Built Before 1850 

North Main Street: — 

No. 18 — The original A. J. Ross house. It 
was sold to Dr. Fred Elliott in 1892, and in 
1937 became the Shaw Funeral Home. 

Nos. 72, 80, 84 and 98 appear on the 1857 
map of M. L. Clark. 

No. 107 was built in 1850 or earlier and 
was the hotel of Oliver W. Phelps until 
1863. 

No. 241 — The Henry Allen house. 

No. 304— Built in 1838 or 39 by Capt. Ezra 
Davis. This house was a station on the 
Underground Railroad; run-a-way slaves 
were kept in the attic by John C. Howe, 
who owned the home for many years. 

No. 473— Built in 1835. 

South Main Street: — 

No. 18— Built shortly after 1829. This was 
the Brundage Hotel for many years. 

No. 146 — This is the oldest house still in 
use. It was built in 1824 by Daniel Holden. 

No. 376— The old Butts House. 

No. 272— The first brick house, built in 
1841 by Ben Gitchell. 

Prospect Street, No. 45. 

Extension Street, No. 56. 

East Wellsboro Street, No. 46. 

Sherwood Street, Nos. 27 and 28. 

St. James Street, No. 317. 

Sullivan Street, No. 49-51, the old Baptist 
Church moved to this location. 

South Academy Street, Nos. 20-24, the 
old Mansfield School House to 1880. 

North Academy Street, No. 21, the Clark 
House on 1857 map. 

East Elmira Street, No. 21, the Lawrence 
House, No. 38, No. 53,. the Lamb House, No. 
67, the Slingerland House. 



Probably Built in the Fifties 
East Main Street, No. 161; College Ave- 
nue, No. 24; First Street, No. 80; Sherwood 
Street, Nos. 27 and 105; East Elmira Street, 
No. 26. 

St. James Street, Nos. 181, 214, 260. 

East Wellsboro Street, No. 51, the Cum- 
mings House; No. 61, the Captain Pitts 
House. 

North Academy Street, No. 45, possibly- 
built by S. B. Elliott; No. 54. 

Probably Built in the Sixties 
St. James Street, No. 54 and 125. 

Sherwood Street, No. 19, the Dorsett 
House; No. 22, built in 1863; No. 81, the- 
John Kohn House; No. 55, the Kingsley 
House; No. 84, the Dr. Cole House. 

First Street, No. 37; Brooklyn Street, No-. 
195. 

Prospect Street, No. 49, built by Rev. N. 
L. Reynolds, a Baptist minister, and for 
many years the home of Dr. C. V. Elliott. 

Morris Avenue, No. 40, reputed to have- 
been a plank school house originally on 
West Wellsboro Street and may be mud* 
older. 

Probably Built in the Seventies 

North Main Street, No. 36, the Murdaugh 
House; No. 176, R. R. Kingsley; No. 181, 
Clark Sherwood; No. 375. 

South Main Street, No. 82, and the two- 
houses south by Dr. Smythe; No. 130, the 
Backer House; No. 170, the Dan Pitts 
House; No. 207. 

St. James Street, No. 65, William Barton; 
Nos. 96, 120, 151, 184, 196. 

West Elmira Street, No. 68; East Elmira 
Street, No. 85; Extension Street, Nos. 64 
and 82. 

Sullivan Street, Nos. 5 and 7. 

South Academy Street, No. 91, the Wil- 
liamson House; No. 241. 

College Avenue, No. 48, the Verrill 
House; No. 71, the Allen House; No. 24, 
the Holden House. 

Brooklyn Street, Tom Bailey built nine 
houses on this street probably including 
Nos. 2, 145, 155, and 217. 

Sherwood Street, Nos. 48 and 65, the 
Homer Kingsley House. 

First Street, No. 56; Second Street, No. 
117. 



33 




OFFICE BUILDING, MANSFIELD FAIR, 1893 




SMYTHE PARK ENTRANCE 



34 



XL Institutions and Businesses 




1. The Public Library 

N 1901, after considerable discus- 
sion, the School Board appropriat- 
ed $200.00 toward a free public 
library, providing $400.00 should 
be raised in the Borough for the same pur- 
pose. The conditions were met and the first 
books were purchased in December, partly 
from a second hand book store in Philadel- 
phia by Rev. David Crockett. The Library 
opened in the old Henry Allen Offices, 32 
North Main Street, with Miss Stella Allen 
(Mrs. Fred Ely) in charge on February 7, 
1902. It was managed by a board of direc- 
tors, part of whom represented the School 
Board and part the citizens. Mattie Bodine 
was librarian 1903-08. 

In 1908 it was moved to the second floor 
of the Allen Block over Strait's Hardware. 
Miss Mary Shepard was librarian until 1923, 
H. J. Van Norman to 1928, and Karl Van 
Norman to 1956. In 1911, on April 5th, as 
a result of efforts by J. A. Elliott and others, 
the Andrew Carnegie Library Fund made a 
grant of $5,000.00 for a building on condi- 
tion that the Library Association raise 
$700.00 for a lot, grading, etc. In a very 
short time nearly $1,000.00 was raised and 
the Borough Council appropriated $500.00. 
The corner stone was laid November first. 

For many years the Library was sup- 
ported by the school board, the council and 
gifts, but there was never enough money 
available to keep up the property and buy 
new books. In 1936 an election was held 
on the question of laying a one mill tax on 
property in the Borough for library pur- 
poses. The vote was favorable and since 
that time it has been possible to maintain 
the property in better shape, but there has 
never been as much money as was needed 
in spite of many generous gifts by indivi- 
duals. 

Miss Helen Wood is now the librarian. 

2. The Borough Water System 

After the bad fires of the eighties, there 
was much agitation concerning a water sup- 
ply. The Council had surveys made; com- 
mittees visited nearby communities; vari- 
ous watersheds were considered, and financ- 
ing was discussed. It was finally decided 
that the Borough could not finance the in- 



stallation of a water system as the estimat- 
ed cost of $45,000.00 was too great in pro- 
portion to the estimated assessment of the- 
municipality. It was, therefore, decided to- 
accept the offer of the Watres family of 
Scranton and May 8, 1893, a franchise was 
granted them, based on the use of the 
Lambs Creek drainage basin. During the- 
nineties much fault was found with the 
quality of the water furnished. At times, 
little was available. It was claimed by 
some that the source was contaminated and 
samples sent away for analysis were pro- 
nounced impure. A suit was begun to se- 
cure better service but was settled for fifty 
dollars after citizens presented a petition, 
stating they were satisfied with the water- 
Again in 1908-09 there was agitation 
against the water company and the Council 
had the system appraised with the idea of 
acquiring it. It was valued at over $40,000* 
and nothing was done. Again in 1923 there 
was a fight over increased water rates and 
the Council appropriated $75.00 for legal 
expenses connected with the fight. But it 
was not until 1942 that definite steps were- 
taken to get control. Since the Borough 
could not finance the purchase, a Municipal 
Authority was formed which could legally 
issue bonds with which to make the pur- 
chase. The transfer was effected in 1943, 
and since then the Authority has retired, 
purchase bonds more rapidly than was an- 
ticipated in spite of increased expenses for 
repairs and improvements. The Authority 
owns 1,000 acres of watershed, a large por- 
tion of which has been reforested. 

3. The Postoffice 

The Postmasters during the early days 
of the village are listed in the Tioga Coun- 
ty Histories. In 1882, Mansfield was made a 
Presidential Office. Rural Free Delivery 
Service started in 1900 and was rapidly ex- 
panded. City Delivery dates from July 1, 
1928. Beginning in the Sixties, the Post- 
masters and the location of the office were 
as follows: 

C. V. Elliott— 1861-73, at about 11 N. Main 
Street. 

Vine Pratt— 1873-77, at about 15 N. Main. 
Street. 

M. L. Clark — 1877-86, same location. 

N. A. Elliott— 1886-90, moved to 4 S. Main. 
Street in 1887. 



35 



J. A. Elliott— 1890-94; and 1898-1903. 

J. L. Cummings— 1894-98. 

T. H. Bailey— 1903-15. 

Robert Urell— 1915-23. 

Elmer Cornwell — 1923-36. 

Francis Kelly — 1936-. 

4. Theaters 

Union Hall, the third floor of the Bank 
Block, was used as an entertainment center 
until the Opera House was built in 1888-89. 
Many road shows came to the Opera House 
■during the winter season. Later, Howe's 
Moving Pictures were first shown in Mans- 
field in this building. The Opera House 
was often used for dances and other social 
functions. It burned in 1913. 

In 1907 the Theatorium was built and op- 
erated by Ed Saks and Chas. Miller. This 
building was located on Hoard Alley, back 
of the brick building on the corner. This 
■was purchased by K. F. Van Norman who 
operated it in 1911-1916 when it burned. 

In 1916 the Star Theater, now the Twain, 
was built by W. A. McCausland and E. G. 
Cornwell. It was managed by Mr. Van Nor- 
man until 1933 when Jack Myers took it 
over. In 1936 it was renovated and opened 
by Harry A. Taylor and Henry Swain. In 
1940 Harry Taylor became the sole owner 
and since his death in 1950 his son William 
Taylor has managed it. The first talking 
pictures in Mansfield were shown here in 
1929. 

5. Mansfield Hotels 

The earliest hotel in the Borough of 
•which we have record was the one run by 
Phelps, which was mentioned earlier. It 
was south of Corey Creek, and is probably 
the Johnson Apartments at the present 
time. At one time Phelps was accused of 
allowing gambling here. It also housed the 
Post Office in the fifties. 

The Fuller House, mentioned in 1856, for- 
merly a private house, was probably the 
beginning of the present Mansfield Hotel. 
It has been known under various names. 
It was the Commercial House in 1887-96. It 
was then sold to Mark French who remod- 
eled it and ran it until about 1917. In 1918 
It was the Hotel Taylor; later the Hotel 
Smith; in 1933 it was bought by C. B. Rich- 
ardson; in 1934 by Mrs. Cheeseman; in 
1935 by H. T. Flook; in 1939 by Mark Pal- 
mer and renamed the Marlyn. In 1945 Pal- 
xner sold to James Maitlain and in 1949 it 



passed into the possession of King Rose 
and his wife who have owned it since ex- 
cept for a very short time in 1950-51. In 
the later 20's a fire damaged the building 
badly, but it was completely restored. 

In 1873 there was in operation the Hotel 
Brundage, but how much earlier is not clear. 
This was at 18 S. Main Street. This build- 
ing, bought by Mrs. G. N. Welch in 1903, 
has been run as a hotel or restaurant to 
the present time. Charles Campbell had it 
in 1906, Bert Cheeseman in 1925, Theoharus 
in 1937, Ernest Boyce in 1945 and Ernest 
Vosburg since 1946. 

When the Soldiers Orphan School was re- 
moved from Mansfield in 1889, Mrs. F. A. 
Allen opened it as a hotel. This stood on 
the northwest corner of Main and Wells- 
boro Streets. In 1892 Mark French took it 
over and ran it until he went to the Mans- 
field Hotel in 1896 and sold it to T. H. 
Bailey who was running it when it burned 
in 1904. 

About 1881 a hotel was opened in a brick 
building at the south corner of Central 
Street and Railroad Street. This was later 
known as the Grand Central Hotel and was, 
for a time, considered the best hotel in the 
County. Some very fine banquets and par- 
ties were held there, not always meeting 
with the approval of some of the citizens 
not present. It burned in 1889, some guests 
barely escaping with their lives. 

No. 8 East Wellsboro Street was run as 
a hotel from 1900 to 1911. 

6. Soldiers Orphan School 

This institution was founded in 1867 by 
Fordyce A. Allen, later Principal of the Nor- 
mal School, and very prominent in educa- 
tional circles in the state. It was started 
in a building on the northwest corner of 
Main and Wellsboro Streets. Later it ex- 
panded and 28 W. Wellsboro Street was 
erected, and a third story was built on the 
Allen Block. After Mr. Allen's death in 
1880, it was carried on by Mrs. Allen and 
Vine R. Pratt until it was closed by the 
State in 1889. This school supported base- 
ball teams and bands and the students were 
active in community affairs. The annual 
reunions of the graduates in recent years 
have brought back many men and women 
to attest the fine training they received at 
this school. A monument to Mr. Allen, 
erected by funds raised by his former stu- 
dents, now stands at the northwest corner 
of Main and Wellsboro Streets. 



36 





ORIGINAL CONDENSERY BUILDING 






ARMCO DRAINAGE and METAL PRODUCTS COMPANY 



37 




MANSFIELD MEMORIAL SWIMMING POOL, 1949 




HORSE BARN, SMYTHE PARK 



38 



7. Mansfield's Oldest Business Places 

Not all the tacts and dates given here are 
guaranteed to be accurate. All that can be 
claimed is that every effort has been made 
to have them as correct as possible. Some- 
times the recollections of older citizens do 
not agree with facts found in the papers of 
the time. One trouble is that in writing of 
places of business the papers never give 
the street numbers and generally no idea of 
the location of a business. This is also true 
of the advertisements, which furnished a 
good deal of the material. But the greatest 
difficulty was the absence of papers in the 
period 1912-29. 

While many businesses have been started 
and continued for a time, too many to note 
in this short history, there are many which, 
under different proprietors or in different 
locations, have established themselves as 
more or les? fixtures in the community. 
Some are no longer in existence, but were 
important for a long time. 

The oldest business of the same kind is 
the Harness Shop of Ernest Jupenlaz at 8 
North Main Street. This business was start- 
ed about 1848 by William Hollands on S. 
Main Street opposite the Hotel. It was later 
moved to S. Main Street, south of the Pitts 
Block and was burned out in 1883. In 1885 
Hollands moved to the present location. He 
sold to Jaynes in 1886 and 1901 Jaynes sold 
to Fred Jupenlaz. Hollands was very prom- 
inent in the early days of the Borough. 

It is claimed that the oldest business in 
the same family is the Decker Dray and Ice 
business. This business dates back prob- 
ably to the seventies under the father of 
the recent owner, Dana Decker. Most of 
that time it has been at the present loca- 
tion, John Marvin bought it in 1956. 

Dr. C. V. Elliott, another very prominent 
citizen in the early history, had a brick 
store at 11 N. Main Street as early as in 
the sixties. It is the oldest brick store in 
town. He sold out to J. Maltby Smith in 
1891, who, in turn, sold to J. P. Bates in 
1897. The building was partly burned in 
1901 and immediately rebuilt. Bates sold 
to Harold Terry in 1931. 

R. E. Olney had a jewelry store at 16 E. 
Wellsboro Street as early as 1867. He built 
the brick block in 1873 and in 1900, after 
his death, it was sold to Edward Saks who 
continued it until 1913. Until 1922 it was 
occupied by Dan Souders, an optometrist. 



After that it was a store run by the Smiths, 
who had bought the building, and in 1926 
Cunningham started a beauty parlor here 
with Ella Mae Morse as operator. She 
bought the business in 1927. (Now Mrs. 
Jennings) 

Another drug store with a continuous his- 
tory, but not location, is the Coles Drug 
Store at 2 South Main Street. In the seven- 
ties Ridgway and Cole had a drug store at 
approximately 17 N. Main Street. In 1874 
they moved to the, at that time, new Bank 
Block, 6 E. Wellsboro Street, and continued 
in business until 1890 when they sold to 
Stevenson and Burnham, and in 1892 Burn- 
ham became sole owner. In 1902, at his 
death it was so d to Whitman, who sold to 
Tassnioie in 1905. In 1909 Percy Coles 
bought the business and in 1924 moved to 
S. Main Street. 

As early as 1864, possibly earlier, O. V. 
Elliott had a shoe store at 54 N. Main 
Street and built a brick home there in 1881. 
He moved to the Allen Block, then to 10 
N. Main Street where he and his son, Frank 
K., continued until 1924, when it was moved 
to 6 E. Wellsboro Street. Frank died in 
1925 and the business was continued until 
about 1928 by John E. Farrer. 

One of the oldest businesses is the pres- 
ent T. W. Judge Co. In 1865 D. H. Pitts 
had a store in the neighborhood of the 
present 15 N. Main Street. He later moved 
to a store located on S. Main Street just 
south of the present store. This store burn- 
ed and in 1873 Pitts Bros. (Dan H. and 
Aaron) built the brick block at the south- 
west corner of Main and West Wellsboro 
Streets. D. H. bought out his brother, and 
later it was Pitts and J. M. Clark, 1883; 
then in 1896, Pitts, Ed Ross and Tom 
Judge; in 1905, Pitts and Judge; and in 
1908 The T. W. Judge Company. After the 
death of T. W. Judge in 1910 it was carried 
on by his son, Wade, until 1943 when, after 
his death, it was purchased by Herbert 
Peterson, who had been associated with 
him in the business. In 1884 the south addi- 
tion to the block was built. In 1923, the 
smaller one story addition was built con- 
taining a grocery department, closed out 
in 1939. In 1931 the second story was re- 
modeled and in 1955 new fronts were built 
to the center store and the old grocery- 
store remodeled for a bakery. 

From some time in the sixties N. Kings- 
ley had a shoe store on N. Main Street. It 
was burned in the fire of 1882 and the brick 



39 



store at 21 N. Main Street was built to re- 
place it. In 1885 his son, Homer, was in 
business with him and carried it on until 
1912 when Homer died. It was sold to 
William Neal and in 1947 to Harry Fish. 

In 1856 A. J. Ross was a merchant in 
Mansfield and Philip Williams became as- 
sociated with him. The Bank Block was 
built in 1871, the first of the large corner 
Mocks. The Bank was started in 1872. 
Charles Ross, the son of A. J. continued in 
the bank with Williams after the death of 
his father. Williams died in 1894 and 
Charles Ross continued alone until, in 1907, 
the Bank was reorganized as a National 
Bank and bought the building for $15,000.00. 
In 1904 the building was remodeled, putting 
on a stone first story. In 1931 the bank was 
again reorganized, with Mr. Ross retiring, 
and in 1954, just fifty years after the first 
remodeling, the building was again remod- 
eled continuing the stone down the south 
front and modernizing the interior. 

In 1873 Robert Crossley, an immigrant 
from England, who had been a gardener 
for Dr. Morris, took over the greenhouses 
started by Mrs. S. B. Elliott and enlarged 
them. They were again enlarged in 1900 
.and in 1902. The business was continued 
by Robert's son William, and by William's 
son Robert, until 1947 when it was sold to 
Elwyn Kuhl. 

A hardware business was going in 1873 
at about 15 N. Wellsboro Street, under the 
name of Lutz and Kohler. This continued 
under various firm names until 1887 with 
Kohler always one partner. In 1902 it be- 
came John and Will Farrer; in 1903, Wells 
Shaw and Farrer; and in 1905, W. S. Farr- 
er. In 1922 it became Farrer and Taylor 
and later Harry Taylor. In 1945, It was 
bought by Welch Cleveland. The building 
now in use was built in 1885-86 after the 
old building burned. 

Another hardware business is that of 
Harold Strait at 2 N. Main Street. In 1876 
C. E. Allen had a hardware business in 
town. In 1878, after the completion of the 
Allen Block it moved into its present loca- 
tion as F. A. Allen and Company. The 
building was, at first, a two-story building, 
and the third story was added for the 
Soldier.; Orphan School. The business be- 
came successively, Allen and Pratt in 1880, 
T. V. Moore and Company in 1882, Lloyd 
and App in 1889, George L. Strait in 1891, 
Strait and Wood, Strait and Retail, and 
•George L. Strait and Sons in 1910, the pres- 



ent firm name under Harold Strait as man- 
ager. 

Hoard's Insurance Agency was started in 
1872 by J. S. Hoard. In 1919 it became J. S. 
Hoard and Son and in 1925 on the death of 
Mr. Hoard it was run by Donald Hoard. It 
was sold to E. B. Strait about 1928 and in 
1930 Charles Ross bought a share and ran 
it alone after the death of Mr. Strait in 
1934. On the death of Mr. Ross, 1949, It 
was sold to Mrs. May Lent, and then to 
John Myers in 1950. 

Terrance Smythe had a grist mill on the 
west side of the river as early as 1850. In 
1857 he sold this to Clark Bailey, who with 
his two sons, Tom H. and J. W., continued 
to 1890, built a large mill, installing the 
new process to use winter wheat, making 
a good grade of flour and known as the 
Sun Milling Company. It was purchased by 
Charles S. Ross. It was continued into the 
twenties before it was closed, and was 
burned in 1934. 

Spencer had a photograph gallery near 
the corner of N. Academy and E. Elmira 
Streets, probably as early as the sixties. In 
1884, when the Welch block was built at 
the corner of N. Main and Center Streets, 
there was a photograph gallery on the sec- 
ond floor on the Center Street side. This 
was run by McFarland until 1901, when it 
was bought by McClusky and then sold to 
B. M. Vedder in 1909 and discontinued about 
1920. W. A. Bates also had a photograph 
gallery in his home at the corner of Sher- 
wood and N. Main Streets during the twen- 
ties. 

Capt. Ezra Davis had a tannery north of 
Corey Creek on N. Main Street from about 
1840 to 1865. In 1865 R. R. Kingsley bought 
a partnership, and in 1868 the business. It 
was enlarged in 1873 and was continued 
by R. R. and his son Charles S. until 1893. 
Charles S. owned the business until it was 
discontinued in 1910 or 11. 

William Adams had a general store in 
the seventies at about 24 N. Main Street, 
with an office building north of it. This 
building was later, 1889, enlarged, remov- 
ing the office and forming the Adams 
Block. The business was sold in 1876 to 
O. V. Elliott and Sons. In 1878 they moved 
to 10 N. Main Street. Erlich had a business 
there until 1880 when it was taken over 
by S. J. Shepard who continued it until 
1922. The Atlantic and Pacific Grocery was 
in the building until 1935. From that year 
it has been occupied by the Tri-County 



40 



Rural Electrification. Dr. Williamson's Den- 
tal office was in this building. 

In the seventies, perhaps in the late six- 
ties, Allan Peterson, a colored man, had a 
barber shop in town. When the Pitts Block 
was built he had a shop in the basement 
on the Wellsboro Street side. Later he 
moved to 14 S. Main Street which has been 
a barber shop, except for a short time, ever 
since. In 1913 E. V. McConnell was work- 
ing for him. After returning from World 
War I in 1920, McConnell started his own 
shop at 13 W. Wellsboro Street. This build- 
ing had also been a Barber Shop for many- 
years with Mead Dann as proprietor. 

The Mansfield Advertiser was established 
in 1873 and published in the Bank Block, 
later upstairs at about 15 N. Main Street. 
It was later moved into the Fred Allen 
Block at 12 N. Main Street until, in 1940, 
it moved to its own newly erected building 
at 47 N. Academy Street. Present publish- 
ers are E. S. Coles and C. P. Bailey. 

There were grocery stores at the corner 
of N. Main and Central Streets from the 
earliest days. Asa Mann may have had one 
here in 1832. They were all burned out in 
the fire of 1882. At that time G. N. Welch 
who had had a store on S. Main Street, 
built the brick block with two store fronts 
on each street. In 1896 he sold to R. W. 
and M. F. Rose. They ran a general store 
here until 1829 when they sold to Prestons, 
Inc., who still run it. 

The New Era Mills were built by the 
Sherwoods as a grist mill and clothes pin 
factory. The building was sold, in 1888, to 
B. V. Strait. In 1893 Strait took in Charles 
Kingsley as a partner, and in 1897 Kingsley 
bought the business. He ran it with his 
son Ralph, and later Ralph alone, until 1933. 
It was then sold to Harry and Herbert Koh- 
ler, with Dean and Lee as managers. 

In 1882 L. Cummings built a small wood- 
en store at 45 E. Wellsboro Street. It was 
purchased by W. C. Miller in 1911. This 
building has been a bakery until 1955, but 
the bakers have changed frequently. The 
names associated with it for longer periods 
are: Cummings, Jupenlaz, Littley, and J. B. 
Loveland. This building is now an office. 

In 1884, A. B. Welch built a laundry at 
111 E. Elmira Street. It was bought by 
Wilson and Ramsdall in 1895 and in 1899 
by Frank Clark. He enlarged it consider- 
ably in 1906. In 1911 it partially burned 
but was rebuilt. Mr. Clark was badly burn- 



ed in that fire and never fully recovered. 
In 1939 it was taken over by Clifford Clark 
and from 1942-44 the last proprietor was 
Kastner. 

In the seventies, A. R. Decker had a sash 
and blind factory across from the Railroad 
Station. This was bought in 1880 by Ed 
Doane and continued until 1919 when it 
became part of the Novelty Plant. In this 
factory in 1906-07 was built a boat 44 feet 
by 10 feet which was launched at Newburg, 
N. Y., and made a trip to Australia. This 
building burned in the 1947 fire. 

In 1892 a Novelty Works was moved here 
from Monroeton, Pa., and located in a new 
building about where the North Penn Power 
Plant now is. Some of the workers also 
moved here. In 1900 it was purchased by 
Pitts and Ross with L. W. Obourn as super- 
intendent. In 1923 O. L. Schanbacher and 
Obourn bought it and moved the machinery 
to the old Doane factory. In 1925 on the 
death of Mr. Obourn, Mr. Schanbacher took 
over the plant. Both before and after the 
fire of 1947 the plant was enlarged by sev- 
eral concrete buildings. At one time this 
plant was the largest manufacturer of chil- 
dren's tops in the country and shipped 
many carloads abroad. 

15 N. Main Street was the site of the 
Postoffice in the seventies under M. L. 
Clark, in connection with a notions store. 
J. D. Catlin bought this business in 1901 
and ran it until 1911, as a combination no- 
tions and grocery. It was continued as a 
grocery by Kelley and Baynes, and later by 
Kelley and Obourn until 1927. At that time 
Mrs. Harry Finesilver started a woman's 
furnishings store here and continued it un- 
til 1955 when she moved to the new modern 
store next door, No. 17 N. Main. The No. 
15 building was razed and a modern brick 
store erected which was occupied by the 
Western Auto Store. 

17 N. Main Street housed the Postoffice, 
with Vine Pratt as postmaster in the early 
seventies. This was afterwards used as a 
restaurant. This was torn down and a larg- 
er wooden building erected. George Clark, 
whose father had had a wagon and carri- 
age store on W. Wellsboro Street in the 
old Orphan School building, and who had 
had a store on the corner of E. Wellsboro 
and St. James Streets, moved here in 1899. 
In 1911 he sold to Mr. Klesa and he later 
to Manley Benson. In 1923 Harry Finesil- 
ver started a Men's Furnishing Store here 
and continued it until his death in 1930. 
The building housed a Ford Agency here 



41 



in 1931, Biddle's Clothing Store, 1934-36, 
and Markson's Clothing Store, 1936-1955. In 
this year it was torn down and a fine new 
brick building erected for Mrs. Finesilver's 
Store. 

19 N. Main Street was the site of a groc- 
ery store owned by H. J. Ripley in 1870. 
This was burned in 1882 and Ripley sold 
the lot to Justus B. Clark who built a brick 
store in which he sold groceries in 1883. 
In 1892 he sold to Lewis H. Moody, who 
was an insurance agent. Around 1900 A. 
W. Kear started a five and dime store here. 
It has been a five and dime ever since 
under several owners among whom were 
McCausland. Lamphier, Percy Wilson, Peter 
Abrams from about 1928, and Hazel Wit- 
more since 1941. 

25 N. Main Street has been the site of a 
furniture store, or furniture and undertak- 
ing most of the time since it was built, 
following the fire of 1882. In 1880, Rolason 
bought the undertaking business of Beach 
and Clark, which had existed for many 
years, and located on S. Main Street. Rola- 
son moved into this building in 1883 or 84, 
with Metcalf as a partner. Metcalf sold his 
interest to L. B. Shaw in 1897. In 1911 the 
firm dissolved and Shaw continued the un- 
dertaking, first in the Holden building on 
E. Wellsboro Street and later in the rear 
of the Grange Bank. The furniture store 
continued under Rolason, under Kear for a 
short time, and, in 1914 under Lynn Hall. 
L. B. Shaw was joined by his son Wilford 
in the undertaking business in 1925 and 
they returned to this building in 1927. In 
1935 Wilford bought the business and con- 
tinued it here until 1937 when he moved to 
the Funeral Home. The Store was a Grand 
Union Grocery after 1939, then the Broder- 
ick Furniture Store in 1945, and in 1950 the 
Furniture Store of Raymond Van Noy. 

In 1889 W. C. Miller bought the T. J. 
Rogers Marble Works, located on East 
Main Street and moved them to the present 
location at 41 E. Wellsboro Street. Edward 
C. Russell has been the proprietor since 
1919. 

M. H. Shepard and Sears bought out, in 
1889, the old Westbrook Clothing Store 
which had been in existence since some 
time in the eighties. For a time it was 
Shepard and Shipbanker, but Shepard be- 
came the sole owner in 1899. At this time 
the store was located in the Bank Block on 
S. Main Street. In 1906, Shepard and T. H. 
Bailey built the block at the northwest cor- 



ner of N. Main and W. Wellsboro Streets, 
and the store has been there since that 
time. After the death of Mr. Shepard the 
store was bought by John Myers and Merle 
Garrison in 1938. In 1950 Mr. Garrison be- 
came the sole owner and it is now known 
as Garrison's Men's Shop. 

Michael Shipbanker, who worked as a 
tailor for Shepard, and for a time owned 
an interest in the store, started in business 
for himself in a wooden building at 9 N. 
Main Street in 1899. In 1905 he built the 
store at that number and continued in bus- 
inness until his death in 1929. For a cou- 
ple of years there was a restaurant in the 
building, but from 1932 to 1956 it was occu- 
pied by the Baynes Shoe Company, now 
owned by the Bond Shoe Company. 

8 E. Wellsboro Street, known as the 
Holden Building, has been a restaurant 
most of the time for at least three quarters 
of a century. It was knowD as the Hotel 
Wilcox for a time after 1909. Fred Spencer, 
Holden, Ray Pitts and A. H. Vosburg have 
been the men more prominently identified 
with the building. When not a restaurant 
it has been an Undertaking business under 
L. B. Shaw and a Music Store under Alden 
Bowser. 

Around 1892 Welt Smith had a shoe re- 
pair shop and store in a wooden building 
on the west side of S. Main Street across 
from the hotel. In 1903 Shepard and Miller 
built the brick store, 7 N. Main Street, and 
he moved to that building. This business 
was sold to Will Miller in 1916 and in 1932 
it became the Baynes Shoe Company and 
moved to 9 N. Main. Leon Baynes was 
the manager of the business 1916-1956. 

In 1907 a Grange National Bank was or- 
ganized and located in the new Shepard 
and Bailey Block, 3 N. Main Street. The 
Bank failed in 1917 and was absorbed by 
the First National Bank. 

From 1908 until 1939 A. H. Vosburg had 
a restaurant and ice cream business in the 
Bank Block on S. Main Street. This was 
continued by Jay Bunn for a time, but the 
store was taken over to provide for the 
expansion of the bank. 

Ray Owens had a music store In a wood- 
en building about where 3 8 S. Main Street 
is. He moved to 17 N. Main Street in 1911. 
After the Hotel Allen burned in 1904, the 
rear end of the hotel, undamaged, was turn- 
ed sideways and moved west to form what 
is now 17-19 W. Wellsboro Street. Howard 



42 



and Grant Lewis had a furniture store here 
for a short time but Owens bought the 
building and moved his Music Store here 
where it continued until 1935. The build- 
ing is, since then, occupied by the North 
Penn Power Company, but is known as the 
Owens Block. 

Miss Nellie Rockwell had a Millinery 
business in Mansfield for over forty years. 
This was discontinued about 1944. 

Miss Mary Crossley was also a milliner 
for thirty-five years, beginning in 1891, at 
26 N. Main Street. 

A Foundry, which was started by Paine 
and Wilson in 1878, then by Moore and Han- 
son in 1890, was owned by Moore and Tom- 
linson from 1892, and later by Floyd Tom- 
linson at 13 E. Main Street, was enlarged 
by him in 1910 and sold to Anthony Bill- 
ard in 1942. Billard also had a building in 
the park, but when this burned he moved 
part of his plant to Covington. 

A Bottling Works was started in Mans- 
field by M. H. Shepard and A. H. Vosburg 
about 1917. George Myers worked for them 
for about three years and then purchased 
the plant at 22 Sherwood Street, and has 
continued the business to the present time. 

J. D. Catlin, who had a grocery business 
at 15 N. Main Street from 1901, built a new 
store at 150 N. Main Street, in 1911 and 
continued in business there until he sold 
out to Brace in 1924, and in 1945 it was 
purchased by H. H. Burke. 

In 1908 M. H. Shepard started a Woman's 
Department over his clothing store with 
Miss Maybelle Wright in charge. In 1927 
it was moved to 6 N. Main Street and in 
1931 it was purchased by Miss Wright. She 
sold it to Mrs. Jennie Cox Hendricks in 
1949, the present owner. 

Will Avery had a Marble Works in the 
Borough from about 1904 or 05 until about 
1928 or 29. It was located in the building 
on Central Street now occupied by Rieppel. 

Around 1921 an Elmira Street Grocery 
was started at 90 E. Elmira Street. It was 
run at various times by Crippen, Stella 
Dyer and Sons, and was taken over in 1932 
by Eldred Mudge. In 1939 it was sold to 
Leo Allis, but was repurchased in 1942 by 
Eldred and Cole Mudge and Irene Mudge 
and Ellery Beagle continued the business 
after the death of Eldred and in 1956 Ellery 
Beagle became the sole owner. 



C. M. Thompson has been selling milk 
from the Morris Farms since 1916, except 
for a period during World War I. Earlier 
than that, from about 1900, when the farm 
was worked by Reuben Curtis, Curtis had 
a milk route. In 1913 before the Borough 
passed an ordinance forbidding the sale of 
unpasteurized milk, he put in the first plant 
in Mansfield. In 1849 he finished the mod- 
ern plant and Dairy Bar at 103 W. Wells- 
boro Street. 

George Dyer started an Electrical Con- 
tracting business in 1923 in a barn back of 
64 E. Elmira Street. In 1942 he took over 
the old Laundry building, continuing the 
contracting business and also selling elec- 
trical appliances. 

Cecil H. Garrison started selling insur- 
ance in town in 1923 and has continued un- 
til the present time. 

In 1926 James Caracciolo worked in the 
shoe store of John Farrer. He moved to 
his own shop at 16 S. Main Street in 1927 
and has been there since that time. 

George L. Palmer started a Jewelry Store 
at 11 W. Wellsboro Street about 1903, later 
known as Palmer Brothers after his brother 
Robert joined him. In 1918, after the fail- 
ure of the Grange Bank, they moved to 3 
N. Main Street, where they remained until 
1938 when they dissolved partnership. 
George Palmer continued, at his home, the 
Optometry business and repair work until 
his death in 1953. Robert Palmer had a 
Jewelry Store for a few years at 12 W. 
Wellsboro Street. 

The Atlantic and Pacific Company orig- 
inally had a small store in a wooden build- 
ing south of the Bank Block. In 1922 they 
moved to 24 N. Main Street. In 1935 they 
moved to 7 N. Main Street and in 1950 to 
their present quarters at 25 S. Main Street. 

In 1920 Chester Green started a Grocery 
on W. Wellsboro Street. He soon moved 
to the old Holden Building at 8 E. Wells- 
boro Street. In 1926 he sold out to the 
Market Basket Corporation, but remained 
as manager until 1939 when the store was 
moved to 10 S. Main Street where the 
Judge grocery had been. This store closed 
in January, 1955. 

In 1897 Fred Spencer bought the Grocery 
business of W. A. Pitts which was in the 
corner store of the Pitts-Judge Block. Ho 
sold to H. M. Griggs, who had been a part- 
ner in the business for some time, in 1901. 



43 



For some years Fred Duell had a Meat 
Market in the rear of this store. Griggs 
sold to L. N. Goodall in 1916. In 1923 T. W. 
Judge took over the store and moved it to 
the new addition on the south of the block 
in 1924. 

From around 1927 W. A. McCausland had 
a Cut Rate Drug Store south of the Bank 
Block. He sold to Walter Swartwood in 
1935 and he to Helen Wood in 1939. She 
moved the business to 10 E. Wellsboro 
Street in 1940 and sold to Daisy Harrington 
in 1946. This store was discontinued in 
1951. 

G. Ray Edgerton started a five and ten 
cent store at 3 N. Main Street in 1939. He 
sold out the same year to Mark Sullivan 
and he to George Kelly in 1941. Peter Ab- 
rams bought it in 1942 but sold to the pres- 
ent owner, Mr. and Mrs. Ross Sours. 

From about 1918 to 1934, 6 E. Wellsboro 
Street was a gift shop owned by Mrs. Lar- 
rison. In 1938 Max Squires started a Dairy 
Store here and sold it in 1943 to Mr. and 
Mrs. Vergil Sours. 

Joseph Garside started the Toy Store at 
32 N. Main Street in 1944. 

The Red and White Grocery at 145 E. 
Main was started in 1936. It was enlarged 
in 1954 by Melvin Rauscher who owns it. 

In 1937 Markson's Clothing Store of El- 
mira opened a branch in a wooden building 
south of the Bank Block. In 1938 it was 
moved to 17 N. Main Street and in 1955 to 
the Pitts or Judge Block in the store va- 
cated by the Postoffice. This portion of 
the block was completely remodeled at this 
time. 

About 1932 W. L. Fullinger had a Diner 
on the east side of S. Main Street. G. Ray 
Edgerton bought the diner in 1933 and 
built a new one at 19 S. Main Street. This 
is the present Johnson's Truck Lines office. 
In 1941 he built the present diner at 5 S. 
Main, now owned by Walter Kline, 1956. 

In 1946 Roy Estep started a Jewelry 
Store at 28 N. Main Street, and moved in 
1950 to his present location at 11 W. Wells- 
boro Street. 

In 1893 Elliott and Allen had a business 



dealing in coal, wood, lime and cement. In 
1896 they sold to Morgan E. Rose. This 
was located at 28 W. Wellsboro Street, part 
of the old Orphan School property. Charles 
McDowell was the manager of this business 
from 1897 on and bought it after the death 
of Mr. Rose. In 1945 the business was 
purchased by Wilbur Johns who moved it 
to the newly erected concrete building at 
50 W. Wellsboro Street. Besanceney 
Brothers bought the business in 1953 and 
soon after discontinued it. 

Warren Rose developed a milk shipping 
and cheese making business throughout the 
County in the early years of the century. 
He built the original milk shipping station 
where the Dairyman's League Plant now is. 
In 1921 the League took over the plant and 
in 1952 tore down the old buildings and put 
up the present modern plant. 

There was a Grand Union Grocery from 
about 1925 at 10 N. Main Street. It moved, 
in 1939, to 23 N. Main Street and opened 
as a Supermarket, but was discontinued in 

1941. 

In 1940 Melvin Goodrich started a dry 
cleaning business at 14 S. Main Street. In 
1946-47 he built a concrete building at 97 
E. Elmira Street and transferred his busi- 
ness to that location. 

It has been difficult to trace the history 
of the News Rooms of the early days. Ray 
Longbothum had a news room and bicycle 
repair shop in a wooden building south of 
the Bank Block for some years. He sold 
his building to the Cigar Factory. John 
Stout also had the bicycle repair shop and 
newsroom in 1919. Later that was taken 
over by Smith, at least as far as the news 
room was concerned. He sold to Philip 
Farrer in 1926 and he to Earl Cruttenden 
in 1941. This News Room was at 12 S. 
Main Street as it still is. In 1956 it was 
purchased by Dean Davey. 

In 1949 W. C. Barnes started an Insur- 
ance Office at 28 W. Wellsboro Street. 

George and Mrs. Porter and their little 
candy shop located about where the A & P 
Store now is, will be remembered by those 
who were in Mansfield in the 90's and early 
1900's. 



44 



XII. The Automobile 




1. Paving 

HE Automobile came to Mansfield 
- when Ed Ross bought a three- 
wheel White Steamer in 1902 and 
changed to a Stanley Steamer in 
190b. Also in 1903 George A. Clark had an 
Oldsmobile with handle steering. From this 
time on changes in the appearance of Mans- 
field came with increasing rapidity. In 1905 
the road from Mansfield to Covington was 
built and on September 4th the Council 
adopted the provisions of the State law 
regarding aid in the development of high- 
ways and there was much discussion on 
the relative merits of "brick" and "Mc- 
Adam" roads. In 1906 there was a formal 
request to the state for paving Main, El- 
mira and Wellsboro Streets. In 1907 an 
ordinance was passed to accept state aid 
for a sixteen-foot payment, partly brick and 
partly macadam for Main Street to Elmira 
Street, West Elmira Street and Wellsboro 
Street. 

However, no action from the state was 
forthcoming until in 1913 there was an- 
other petition made. This time there was 
favorable action and in 1914, at a special 
election, a $30,000.00 bond issue was auth- 
orized for highway construction. On May 
13th the contract was signed and on July 
21st an ordinance was passed that property 
owners pay two-thirds of the cost where 
extra width was provided. The road was 
of brick construction, fifty-six feet wide 
from Central Street to Normal Avenue, then 
dropped to forty feet to Elmira Street and 
the railroad, and then to sixteen feet. In 
1915 extra paving from Second Street to 
Fourth Street was laid with the property 
owners paying two-thirds the cost. 

The first speed limit signs were author- 
ized on Oct. 7, 1913, and in 1916 there were 
complaints about speeding on Main Street. 
The next step was the authorization of gas 
pumps, as detailed later. 

In 1920, April 12, an ordinance was pass- 
ed providing for the paving of Main Street 
from Prospect Street to the Borough line. 
By 1923 the citizens were demanding better 
roads on the side streets and the paving of 
East Wellsboro, Central, Railroad from Cen- 
tral to Elmira Streets was authorized. This 
was done by the company which was build- 
ing the road from Mansfield to Tioga. 



In 1924 East Wellsboro Street was paved 
after a meeting of the citizens affected had 
been held and agreed to pay the one-third 
cost of the extra width. By this date the 
road to Troy was nearly finished. An elec- 
tion for the approval of an additional bond 
issue of $10,000.00 for road construction was 
held and the issue approved, but was not 
used until 1930. 

In 1926 was passed the first Traffic ordi- 
nance. Also an Ordinance was passed pro- 
viding for the paving of Elmira Street sub- 
ject to State acceptance, but was not ac- 
cepted. 

In 1928 St. James, First, Second, Normal 
Avenue, Sherwood and Elmira Street to Ex- 
tension were paved. In this year also the 
State built the new concrete bridge over 
Corey Creek at Main Street. 

In 1934 E. Elmira Street from Extension 
Street to the Borough limits was paved by 
the State and Decker Street also. These 
were made State Highways. West Wells- 
boro Street was paved by the State and the 
extra width from the railroad bridge to 
Main Street was financed by the Borough 
and property owners. 

In 1936 the East Main Street paving to 
Second Street was authorized and North 
Main Street was improved by the State. 

In 1939 N. Academy Street was paved 
from Sullivan Street to Elmira Street and 
in 1940 the Council approved the plans of 
the State to widen and repave South Main 
Street and to pave a thirty-six-foot road 
from the railroad bridge to the Borough line 
on the new road to Wellsboro. 

In 1945 the State Highway Department 
resurfaced E. Wellsboro and Sullivan 
Streets and in 1946 rebuilt N. Main from 
Prospect Street to the Borough line. 

2. Garages 

Probably the first garage in Mansfield 
was an old blacksmith shop on the lot 
across from the Episcopal Church, in 1909, 
run by Rockwell and Baker. In 1918 two 
permits for gas pumps to be placed in 
front of business places were granted, and 
by 1925 many others had been requested. 
In 1921 C. M. Thompson built a "drive-in" 
station on N. Main Street, No. 97, said to 



45 



be the first such station between Buffalo 
and Washington. It has been an "Atlantic 
Station" since that time. 

In 1920 R. M. Swan built the garage, 31 
S. Main Street, and in 1923 Sam Bishop the 
garage at the corner of College Avenue and 
Main Street. Bryan Husted bought the 
Swan Garage, known since as the Chevrolet 
Garage, and in 1931 built an addition at 25 
S. Main Street which is now occupied by 
the Atlantic and Pacific Grocery. These 
two buildings were under the management 
of Adams from 1932, Krise from 1933, Evans 
from 1936 and King Rose from 1940 except 
for the period 1951-54 when it was run by 
Baldwin. The Bishop garage was run by 
Bishop to 1927. by Raleigh, and by Loomis 
until 1941 when it was sold to King Rose. 

In 1920 there is mention of an Elmira 
Street Garage under S. B. McConnell and 
Son; under Herbert Crippen in 1921; Mc- 
Connell and Wood later, and from 1926 
mostly under Robert . Wilson until 1946 
when it was sold to Lester Merrick, and in 
1950 to Howard Davis. 

Around 1927 the McClure Mo*or Co. had 
a garage in a wooden build 'ty, where 25 S. 
Main Street now is. When this was torn 
down by Bryan Husted they moved, 1931, 
to 17 N. Main Street and were there until 
about 1934. 

In 1925 Kilgore built the second "drive- 
in" station and Garage at 133 N. Main 
Street and continued there until he sold to 
Wells and Goodall in 1938. This firm had 
started in the rear of 17 N. Main Street 
about 1935 and has continued to the pres- 
ent, also starting the only tire recapping 



business in Mansfield in 1944. 

Howard Tavis started a garage in the 
old Hoard barn on Hoard Street in 1929. In 
1930 he moved to the old livery barn back 
of the Adams Block selling Plymouth and 
Chrysler cars. In 1935 he built the concrete 
garage at 19 E. Wellsboor Street where he 
remained until 1945 when he leased to How- 
ard Brown, who was there until 1954. 

Kilgore, in 1929, started another Filling 
Station and Garage at 167 Sullivan Street. 
He sold to Lester Merrick in 1936. Lee 
Smith bought the plant in 1946, but sold to 
Bernard Randolph in 1950. This Garage 
was greatly enlarged by Lester Merrick. 

In 1934 C. L. Johnson built the large con- 
crete Garage at 19 S. Main Street for his 
trucking business. In 1956 he leased the 
main portion to Ralph Evans for a Ford 
Agency. 

In 1934 the old DeWitt brick house at 44 
S. Main Street was torn down and a "drive- 
in" filling station erected there by Harry 

Taylor. 

In 1944 a garage was built at the south 
end of town and in 1948 Wilson and Knapp 
built a garage on N. Academy Street near 
Corey Creek. 

Early automobile dealers were: W. C, 
Miller, who had the first Ford Agency in 
1906, later the Dodge, and in 1920 the Reo; 
Charles Early who was the second Ford 
Dealer; E. C. Russell, who was the second 
Dodge Dealer; Wm. Kilgore, who sold at 
various times the Chalmers, the Cole 8, and 
the Studebaker; Manley Benson, who, in 
1916, sold the Overland. 





TIOGA and ELMIRA STATE 
LINE RAILROAD 

CUT USED IN ADS OF 
APRIL 2, 1884 



MANSFIELD CLASSICAL 
SEMINARY, 1857 



46 



XIII. Some Organizations 




RIENDSHIP Lodge No. 247, F. & 
A. M., was chartered in 1850 and 
has moved its quarters several 
<*-V„ ■> times. For about eighteen months 
in 1858-59, it moved to Covington. In 1860 
it returned to Mansfield. About 18G3 it met 
in what is now the Erie Freight building, 
then the Station. From 1870-1882 it was in 
the Cigar Factory. From 1882-89 it was in 
54 N. Main Street. From 1889-95 it was over 
the Kingsley Shoe Store, then over the 
Kohler Hardware to 1920, then over 3 N. 
Main Street to 1940 and since then over 
23 N. Main Street. 

The Grand Army of the Republic was or- 
ganized in 1875 and met at first over the 
M. L. Clark store. In 18S6 it moved to the 
Pitts Block and in 1893 to the Allen Block 
where it remained until it disbanded. 

The Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
was organized in 1889. Until 19l4 the Lodge 
met in the Pitts Block. At that time it 
moved to its present quarters in the Bank 
Block. 

The Universalist Church congregation of 
twelve members organized in 1880 and for 
many years was served by Rev. Emma Bai- 
ley, 1882-87 and 1890-95. They met first on 
the second floor of the Bank Block over the 
drug store, but purchased the old Methodist 
property, corner of W. Elmira and N. Main 
Streets, in 1882 and worshipped there until 
1926 when the property was taken over by 
the Seventh Day Adventists. 

The Tioga Valley Grange was started in 
1890 and met at first in Pitts Hall. In 1894 
it moved to the Allen Block. In 1910 the 
land was bought and in 1917 the present 
Grange Building was built. 

The Lions Club in Mansfield was char- 
tered in 1939 and has been very active in 
promoting community and charitable 
causes, especially the swimming pool and 
recreational projects, Polio drives, etc. 

The State Police established a headquar- 
ters here as early as 1925 over Husted's 
Chevrolet Garage. Ralph Day was the first 
Trooper assigned here. Their headquarters 
were changed frequently at first, being lo- 
cated a year or two each at 131, 116, 217 
S. Main Street. In 1930 they moved to 55 
N. Main Street and remained there until, 
in 1954, a home for the unit was built at 
300 S. Main Street. 



The Business Men's Association 

The Mansfield Business Men's Associa- 
tion is composed not only of business men, 
but also includes teachers, preachers, far- 
mers, professional men, and, in fact, any- 
one concerned with the civic needs of Mans- 
field and vicinity. Neither membership nor 
activities are limited. 

The organization was formed in 1913 by 
progressive citizens who felt that much 
more could be accomplished in the way of 
borough improvements through an organiza- 
tion. The main objectives at the beginning 
were improved roads in the borough and 
hard-top highways leading to and from 
Mansfield. Howard Vosburg was the first 
president, and was followed by Leon Baynes 
and others. It was revitalized after the war 
and Herbert Peterson was president for 
several years. More recently Oscar Lutes 
was president for several years. 

It would be difficult to list all the ac- 
complishments of the Association, but the 
following are the more important which 
have been initiated or sponsored: 

Main Street pavement; Pickle Hill and 
Newtown Hill macadam roads; present 
Route 6 to Wellsboro, saving several miles 
over the old road by Richards Bridge; de- 
velopment and improvement of both Routes 
6 and 15; uniforms for the High School 
Band; substantial funds for the College 
Athletic program; lobbying successfully 
several times against moves to close the 
college by legislative committees; pavilion 
at Smythe Park for campers; summer play- 
ground at Smythe Park; Christmas Street 
decorations; Halloween Parade; Fourth of 
July celebration; securing Carnegie Lib- 
rary; securing the State Armory; first mo- 
tor Fire Engine and Pumper; Memorial 
Swimming Pool. 

For several years, and at present the one 
principal objective of the Association has 
been to attract new industry to Mansfield. 
Some results have been achieved. Armco 
Iron, a nationally known industry has es- 
tablished a plant here. It will ever be the 
prime aim of the Association to be on the 
alert for, and to promote, that which is in 
the best interests of the community. 



47 



The American Legion 

Following preliminary meetings held late 
in IS 19, Austin-Cox Post No. 478 was form- 
ally organized and a charter granted in 
January, 1920. The Post was named in 
memory of Gerald Austin and John Cox 
who lost their lives while in the Service. 

The Charter Members were: Herbert 
Peterson, Donald Hoard, Ransom Keeney, 
John Doane, Harry Taylor, Robert Palmer, 
Harold Strait. John Hatfield, Fay Kilgore, 
Guy Brown. Charles Ross, Anson Smith, 
Ronald Kichline, Casper Gillette, Wade 
Judge. 

At first, meetings were held in the Red 
Cross Rooms over Strait's Hardware. For 
a short period a room in the Borough build- 
ing was used as headquarters. Then, for 
about thirty years, the Post occupied the 
third floor of the Judge Block. In 1952 the 
present American Legion Home, located on 
the corner of College Avenue and S. Main 
Street was acquired. This is a fine proper- 
ty, conveniently located, and will be a 
permanent home and headquarters. 

Membership in the Post is comprised of 
veterans from Mansfield, Covington, Maines- 
burg and the surrounding Townships. 

The Post has been active since the begin- 
ning in sponsoring or participating in com- 
munity betterment, recreation and educa- 
tion. It has been loyally supported in all of 
its activities by the American Legion Aux- 
iliary. Among some of the better known 
projects of the Legion have been: 

Purchase and installation of the original 
boulevard lights at the corners of Main and 
Wellsboro Streets. 

Purchase, installation and maintenance 
of the original children's playground equip- 
ment at Smythe Park, and provided for the 
employment of supervisors of the play- 
ground. 

Conducted the Fourth of July celebration 
and Memorial Day exercises for many 
years. 

Awarded medals annually to outstanding 
students in the local schools. 

Junior League Baseball and, at various 
times. Boy Scout Troops. 

The Post has supported the continuing 



activities of the National Organization for 
proper care, hospitalization and rehabilita- 
tion of disabled veterans, child welfare, ed- 
ucation and adequate national defense. 



The Fire Department 

The earlier Hose Companies have been 
mentioned in the periods in which they 
were active. Beginning about 1906 the Cit- 
izens Hose Company was formed, the older 
companies having become inactive. The 
only records up to 1914 are those dealing 
with the annual New Years parties and the 
use of the social rooms. From 1914 to 1917, 
when the company was reorganized, min- 
utes are available. Robert Crossley was 
president in 1914 and Earl Shaw, secretary- 
Earl was also secretary of the Mansfield 
Hose Company most of the time until 1950, 
over thirty years of service. The Citizens 
Hose Company was active in the Fireman's 
Association and competed regularly in the 
events at the regional meetings of the 
Association, wearing distinctive uniforms. 

In January. 1921, the American Legion 
planned to start a second Hose Company. 
The Citizens Hose Company thought this 
was unnecessary and proposed a merger of 
the proposed company with the old com- 
pany. This idea prevailed and twenty-six 
interested citizens formed the new organi- 
zation with the name, "Mansfield Hose 
Company," with Dr. H. C. Kutz as presi- 
dent and W. R. Avery as chief. This Com- 
pany is still very active and has rendered 
wonderful service to the community with- 
out any reward other than the respect and 
support of the citizens. 

In July, 192G, the minutes contain men- 
tion of agitation for the purchase of a 
pumper. Later that summer, a Carnival was 
sponsored and $150.00 cleared. In March 
of 1927 a Bazaar was held in the Grange 
Hall. The proceeds of this, together with a 
donation of $1,000.00 from the college and 
many others from merchants and citizens, 
more than paid for the first pumper. In 
August of 1934 an auxiliary fire truck was 
purchased by the Companv from the city 
of Lyons for $375.00. In 1946 and in 1956 
new pumpers were bought by the Council. 
The efficiency of the Company brought 
about a considerable reduction in fire in- 
surance rates in the Borough. The mem- 
bers of the Company have attended schools 
of instruction and demonstrations. An aux- 



48 



iliary fire police unit ia very efficient. With- 
in the past two years a short wave radio 
system has been put in operation through- 
out the County and mutual aid plans work- 
ed out with the neighboring communities. 
All Mansfield equipment is a part of this 
system. In 1956 a tank truck has been pur- 
chased for use in fires outside the Borough. 
These townships pay regularly for fire pro- 
tection. The Borough Council supports the 
Company in every way possible. 



Women's Clubs 

The two oldest Women's Clubs in Mans- 
field are the Columbian Literary Exchange 
which was organized in 1892, and the Mans- 
field Literary Club, organized in 1896. 
These Clubs, together with the Outlook 
Club and the Utopian Club which were or- 
ganized considerably later, have been ac- 
tive in promoting civic welfare through 
their civic committees. 




AMERICAN LEGION HOME, 1951 




ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 




MODEL SCHOOL, 1914 



50 







NATIONAL GUARD ARMORY 




AIR VIEW OF COLLEGE 



51 



L 






J